Maniammai - Wikipedia
Maniammai (10 March – 16 March ) was an activist and rationalist leader from Tamil Nadu. She was the adopted daughter and life partner of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Periyar's marriage with a much younger Maniammai and his appointment of her as his successor shocked many of his party leaders. Periyar's. In fact Maniammai actual birthyear was 10 March which means her age was 31 when she got married with 72 years old Periyar in the year , but still it. Spouse(s), Nagammai (died in ), Maniammai( ). Awards, UNESCO (). Erode Venkatappa Ramasamy (17 September – 24 December ), commonly known . Despite having an arranged marriage, Periyar and Nagammai were already in .. On 24 December , Periyar died at the age of
Maniamma was around 32 years old, and Periyar was over Although he explained that the marriage was purely an arrangement to secure his property while satisfying the law, the organisational split had already developed.
Many believe that leaders like Annadurai and Karunanidhi had been considering a role politics for while, even though Periyar was against joining the political sphere since this would lead to compromising his ideals. It was not an easy time for Maniammai, but she held her ground. I felt miserable whether you would leave me off without fulfilling those tasks.
If my life still agile even at this age, it is because of this woman. Who is not unaware of this? It is that woman who provides suitable food, and dresses to the occasion. Those who are not dare enough to oppose me directly finds fault and decry that woman. She began to tour around the state and consolidate the party at a time when many members were looking to shift to the Congress or the DMK. She was dedicated to the liberation of women.
Effigies of Ram, Sita and Lakshman were burnt, since followers of Periyar always saw the mainstream version of the Ramayana as a demeaning to Dravidians.
He held the chairmanship of Erode Municipality and wholeheartedly undertook constructive programs spreading the use of Khadipicketing toddy shops, boycotting shops selling foreign cloth, and eradicating untouchability. InPeriyar courted imprisonment for picketing toddy shops in Erode. When his wife as well as his sister joined the agitation, it gained momentum, and the administration was forced to come to a compromise.
He was again arrested during the Non-Cooperation movement and the Temperance movement. His attempts were defeated in the Congress party due to a strong presence of discrimination and indifferencewhich led to his leaving the party in Vaikom Satyagraha According to the prevalent caste system in Kerala and the rest of India, low-caste Hindus were denied entry into temples.
In Kerala, they were denied permission to walk on the roads that led to the temples also. Kerala state was formed in ; earlier it was broadly divided into Malabar North KeralaCochin and Travancore kingdoms. In the Kakinada meet of the Congress Party inT K Madhavan presented a report citing the discrimination faced by the depressed castes in Kerala. That session decided to promote movements against untouchability. In Kerala, a committee was formed comprising people of different castes to fight untouchability in the region.
The movement started on 30 March There was a board outside the Vaikom Mahadeva Temple which prohibited entry of avarnas lower castes. The Satyagrahis moved to enter the temple in batches of three. They were resisted and arrested by the police. The movement gained all-India prominence and support came from far and wide. The Akalis of Punjab lend their support by setting up kitchens to provide food to the Satyagrahis.
Even Christian and Muslim leaders came forward for support. This was shunned by Gandhiji who wanted the movement to be an intra-Hindu affair. On advice from Gandhiji, the movement was withdrawn temporarily in April After the talks with caste-Hindus failed, the leaders resumed the movement.
On 1 Octobera group of savarnas forward castes marched in a procession and submitted a petition to the Regent Maharani Sethulakshmi Bai of Travancore with about signatures for temple entry to everyone. Gandhiji also met with the Regent Maharani. This procession of savarnas was led by Mannath Padmanabhan Nair.
The September which split Dravidians: Periyar weds Maniyammai, DMK is born | The News Minute
Starting with about people at Vaikom, the number increased to about when the procession reached Thiruvananthapuram in November Dalits, also known as Harijans were not allowed into the close streets around and leading to the temple, let alone inside it.
Anti-caste feelings were growing and in Vaikom was chosen as a suitable place for an organised Satyagraha. Under his guidance a movement had already begun with the aim of giving all castes the right to enter the temples. Thus, agitations and demonstrations took place. On 14 April, Periyar and his wife Nagamma arrived in Vaikom. They were immediately arrested and imprisoned for participation.
In spite of Gandhi's objection to non-Keralites and non-Hindus taking part, Periyar and his followers continued to give support to the movement until it was withdrawn.
- Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
- The September which split Dravidians: Periyar weds Maniyammai, DMK is born
- C. N. Annadurai
He received the title Vaikom Veeran, given by his followers who participated in the Satyagraha. In an article entitle Gandhi and Ambedkar, A Study in Leadership, Eleanor Zelliot relates the 'Vaikom Satyagraha', including Gandhi's negotiations with the temple authorities in relation to the event.
Furthermore, the editor of E. Ramasamy's Thoughts states that Brahmins purposely suppressed news about E.
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Self-Respect Movement Periyar during the early years of Self-Respect Movement Periyar and his followers campaigned constantly to influence and pressure the government to take measures to remove social inequality, abolish untouchability, manual scavenging system etc even while other nationalist forerunners focused on the struggle for political independence. The Self-Respect Movement was described from the beginning as "dedicated to the goal of giving non-Brahmins a sense of pride based on their Dravidian past".
A Tamil weekly Kudi Arasu started inwhile the English journal Revolt started in carried on the propaganda among the English educated people. Alagiriswami took charge as the head of the volunteer band.
Conferences followed in succession throughout the Tamil districts of the former Madras Presidency. A training school in Self-Respect was opened at Erode, the home town of Periyar. The object was not just to introduce social reform but to bring about a social revolution to foster a new spirit and build a new society.
The Self-Respect Movement also came under the influence of the leftist philosophies and institutions. Ramasamy, after establishing the Self-Respect Movement as an independent institution, began to look for ways to strengthen it politically and socially. To accomplish this, he studied the history and politics of different countries, and personally observed these systems at work. Ramasamy toured Malaya for a month, from December to Januaryto propagate the self-respect philosophy.
Embarking on his journey from Nagapattinam with his wife Nagammal and his followers, E. Ramasamy was received by 50, Tamil Malaysians in Penang. During the same month, he inaugurated the Tamils Conference, convened by the Tamils Reformatory Sangam in Ipohand then went to Singapore. In December he undertook a tour of Europe, accompanied by S. Ramanathan and Erode Ramu, to personally acquaint himself with their political systemssocial movementsway of life, economic and social progress and administration of public bodies.20 Shocking AGE Difference of Bollywood Couples - Indian Couple AGE GAP. - Latest Updates
On his return journey he halted at Ceylon and returned to India in November Ramasamy to achieve the social concept of Self-Respect. The communist system obtained in Russia appealed to him as appropriately suited to deal with the social ills of the country. Thus, on socio-economic issues Periyar was Marxistbut he did not advocate for abolishing private ownership. Ramasamy, in alliance with the enthusiastic communist, M.
Singaravelar, began to work out a socio-political scheme incorporating socialist and self-respect ideals. This marked a crucial stage of development in the Self-Respect Movement which got politicised and found its compatibility in Tamil Nadu. Anti-Hindi agitations Inwhen Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari became the Chief Minister of Madras Presidencyhe introduced Hindi as a compulsory language of study in schools, thereby igniting a series of anti-Hindi agitations. Panneerselvamand E.
Ramasamy organised anti-Hindi protests in which ended with numerous arrests by the Rajaji government.
Ramasamy in protest against the introduction of Hindi in schools. He explained that the introduction of Hindi was a dangerous mechanism used by the Aryans to infiltrate Dravidian culture. Ramasamy explained that Hindi would not only halt the progress of Tamil people, but would also completely destroy their culture and nullify the progressive ideas that had been successfully inculcated through Tamil in the recent decades. Justice Party India A political party known as the South Indian Libertarian Federation commonly referred to as Justice Party was founded inprincipally to oppose the economic and political power of the Brahmin groups.