Computer engineering - Wikipedia
Was planning on studying computer engineering as computers is my field of choice. Can someone explain the difference between the two?. The Electrical & Computer Engineering (ECE) program prepares you for a wide engineering, electromagnetics, photonics, electronics and energy systems. Computer engineering is a branch of engineering that integrates several fields of computer science and electronics engineering required to develop computer hardware and software. Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering (or . Association of Computer Engineers and Technicians.
In the interwar years, the subject was known as radio engineering and it was only in the late s that the term electronic engineering started to emerge.
Electronics In the field of electronic engineering, engineers design and test circuits that use the electromagnetic properties of electrical components such as resistorscapacitorsinductorsdiodes and transistors to achieve a particular functionality. The tuner circuitwhich allows the user of a radio to filter out all but a single station, is just one example of such a circuit. In designing an integrated circuit, electronics engineers first construct circuit schematics that specify the electrical components and describe the interconnections between them.
When completed, VLSI engineers convert the schematics into actual layouts, which map the layers of various conductor and semiconductor materials needed to construct the circuit.
The conversion from schematics to layouts can be done by software see electronic design automation but very often requires human fine-tuning to decrease space and power consumption.
Computer Engineering VS Electronic Engineering
Once the layout is complete, it can be sent to a fabrication plant for manufacturing. Integrated circuitsFPGAs and other electrical components can then be assembled on printed circuit boards to form more complicated circuits.
Today, printed circuit boards are found in most electronic devices including televisionscomputers and audio players. This section describes some of the most popular subfields in electronic engineering; although there are engineers who focus exclusively on one subfield, there are also many who focus on a combination of subfields.
What is ECE? - Electrical & Computer Engineering | Electrical & Computer Engineering
Signal processing deals with the analysis and manipulation of signals. Signals can be either analogin which case the signal varies continuously according to the information, or digitalin which case the signal varies according to a series of discrete values representing the information.
For analog signals, signal processing may involve the amplification and filtering of audio signals for audio equipment or the modulation and demodulation of signals for telecommunications. For digital signals, signal processing may involve the compressionerror checking and error detection of digital signals.
Telecommunications engineering deals with the transmission of information across a channel such as a co-axial cableoptical fiber or free space. Transmissions across free space require information to be encoded in a carrier wave in order to shift the information to a carrier frequency suitable for transmission, this is known as modulation.
Popular analog modulation techniques include amplitude modulation and frequency modulation. The choice of modulation affects the cost and performance of a system and these two factors must be balanced carefully by the engineer.
Once the transmission characteristics of a system are determined, telecommunication engineers design the transmitters and receivers needed for such systems. These two are sometimes combined to form a two-way communication device known as a transceiver. A key consideration in the design of transmitters is their power consumption as this is closely related to their signal strength.
If the signal strength of a transmitter is insufficient the signal's information will be corrupted by noise. Electromagnetics is an in-depth study about the signals that are transmitted in a channel Wired or Wireless. Its applications are seen widely in other sub-fields like Telecommunication, Control and Instrumentation Engineering.
Control engineering has a wide range of applications from the flight and propulsion systems of commercial airplanes to the cruise control present in many modern cars. It also plays an important role in industrial automation. Control engineers often utilize feedback when designing control systems. For example, in a car with cruise controlthe vehicle's speed is continuously monitored and fed back to the system which adjusts the engine's power output accordingly.
Where there is regular feedback, control theory can be used to determine how the system responds to such feedback. Instrumentation engineering deals with the design of devices to measure physical quantities such as pressureflow and temperature.
These devices are known as instrumentation. The design of such instrumentation requires a good understanding of physics that often extends beyond electromagnetic theory. For example, radar guns use the Doppler effect to measure the speed of oncoming vehicles.
Similarly, thermocouples use the Peltier—Seebeck effect to measure the temperature difference between two points.
Often instrumentation is not used by itself, but instead as the sensors of larger electrical systems. As an electrical and computer engineer you will work at the heart of the most rapidly developing technology humankind has ever seen.
You will make devices and systems that harvest the energy of the sun, wind and sea and channel it into the energy grid that supports modern civilization. What do Electrical Engineers do?
Almost everything we use and rely on in our everyday lives has an electrical component — from the microwave that heats up our food to the computer games we play to the cell phone we use to keep in touch. Using electricity and light photonselectrical engineers apply specialized engineering skills to the design, manufacture, application, installation and operation of electrical products and systems. Electrical technology can be combined with other fields of engineering, such as mechanical engineering and biomedical engineering, to designing diagnostic equipment and artificial limbs.
Electrical engineering offers a broad range of research in areas as diverse as communications, systems control, biomedical engineering, electromagnetics, photonics, electronics and energy systems.
What Is the Connection between Electronic and Computer Engineering?
What do Computer Engineers do? One of the newer engineering disciplines, computer engineers work in every sector of society and industry.
They design the control systems for automated production lines, create software for digital telephone switching systems, plan and supervise the installation of a Local Area Network LANand develop new operation systems for clients with specific needs. There are three options within computer engineering to choose from: Some students prefer to include all of these areas in their program of study.