OEDIPUS THE KING, the most famous drama of Sophocles, invites .. stances of the death of Laius, about the strained relations between. Oedipus and Creon. Ironically, Jocasta and Oedipus' relationship was doomed the second Introduction When imagining the relationship between a parent and a. frequently remarked that, in her dealings with Oedipus, Jocasta be- haves not .. fullest discussion of the relation between earlier versions of the Medea myth.
King Laius of Thebes hears of a prophecy that his infant son will one day kill him. A fight ensues, and Oedipus kills Laius and most of his guards. A plague falls on the people of Thebes. Upon discovering the truth, Oedipus blinds himself, and Jocasta hangs herself.
Some differences with older stories emerge. The curse of the Oedipus' sons is expanded backward to include Oedipus and his father, Laius. Oedipus now steps down from the throne instead of dying in battle.
Oedipus - Wikipedia
Additionally, rather than his children being by a second wife, Oedipus' children are now by Jocasta. Laius' tragic son, crossing his father's path, killed him and fulfilled the oracle spoken of old at Pytho. And sharp-eyed Erinys saw and slew his warlike children at each other's hands. Yet Thersandros survived fallen Polyneikes and won honor in youthful contests and the brunt of war, a scion of aid to the house of Adrastos.
Only the third play survives, in which Oedipus' sons Eteocles and Polynices kill each other warring over the throne. Much like his Oresteiathis trilogy would have detailed the tribulations of a House over three successive generations.
The satyr play that followed the trilogy was called The Sphinx. Sophocles' Oedipus Rex[ edit ] As Sophocles ' Oedipus Rex begins, the people of Thebes are begging the king for help, begging him to discover the cause of the plague. Oedipus stands before them and swears to find the root of their suffering and to end it.
Just then, Creon returns to Thebes from a visit to the oracle. Apollo has made it known that Thebes is harbouring a terrible abomination and that the plague will only be lifted when the true murderer of old King Laius is discovered and punished for his crime.
Oedipus swears to do this, not realizing that he is himself the culprit. The stark truth emerges slowly over the course of the play, as Oedipus clashes with the blind seer Tiresiaswho senses the truth. Oedipus remains in strict denial, though, becoming convinced that Tiresias is somehow plotting with Creon to usurp the throne. Realization begins to slowly dawn in Scene II of the play when Jocasta mentions out of hand that Laius was slain at a place where three roads meet.
This stirs something in Oedipus' memory and he suddenly remembers the men that he fought and killed one day long ago at a place where three roads met. He realizes, horrified, that he might be the man he's seeking. One household servant survived the attack and now lives out his old age in a frontier district of Thebes. Oedipus sends immediately for the man to either confirm or deny his guilt.
At the very worst, though, he expects to find himself to be the unsuspecting murderer of a man unknown to him.
The truth has not yet been made clear. The moment of epiphany comes late in the play. At the beginning of Scene III, Oedipus is still waiting for the servant to be brought into the city, when a messenger arrives from Corinth to declare that King Polybus of Corinth is dead.
Oedipus, when he hears this news, feels much relieved, because he believed that Polybus was the father whom the oracle had destined him to murder, and he momentarily believes himself to have escaped fate. He tells this all to the present company, including the messenger, but the messenger knows that it is not true. He is the man who found Oedipus as a baby in the pass of Cithaeron and gave him to King Polybus to raise.
He reveals, furthermore that the servant who is being brought to the city as they speak is the very same man who took Oedipus up into the mountains as a baby. Jocasta realizes now all that has happened. She begs Oedipus not to pursue the matter further. He refuses, and she withdraws into the palace as the servant is arriving.
The old man arrives, and it is clear at once that he knows everything. At the behest of Oedipus, he tells it all. Overwhelmed with the knowledge of all his crimes, Oedipus rushes into the palace where he finds his mother-wife, dead by her own hand.
Ripping a brooch from her dress, Oedipus blinds himself with it. Bleeding from the eyes, he begs his uncle and brother-in-law Creon, who has just arrived on the scene, to exile him forever from Thebes. Creon agrees to this request. Oedipus begs to hold his two daughters Antigone and Ismene with his hands one more time to have their eyes fill of tears and Creon out of pity sends the girls in to see Oedipus one more time.
He finally finds refuge at the holy wilderness right outside Athens, where it is said that Theseus took care of Oedipus and his daughter, Antigone. Creon eventually catches up to Oedipus.
She reveals that she has known all along that Oedipus is her son, and that she has not been ashamed of it. She claims that her first husband, Laios, never loved her, and treated her as a possession instead of a lover.
The only thing able to give her happiness is her baby. Jocasta says that she knows from the moment she sees him as a man that Oedipus is her son.
It makes her finally happy again to feel loved and needed, both maternally and sexually. Though it is disturbing, it brings to life the logic behind the theory that Jocasta is aware of the truth throughout the story.
However, a more widely accepted interpretation is that Jocasta realizes the truth as it is uncovered during the play. She has had no ulterior motive in marrying her son. It is probable that she may have been putting the pieces together throughout the play, but does not want to jump to any conclusions until she is sure of the circumstances.Oedipus Rex - Nonn' erubescite, reges
This shows her love and pity for Oedipus, and her maternal and perhaps wifely instinct to protect him from pain. She and Laios obviously must have had an abundance of faith to be willing to murder their son because of the word of a prophet. She then supports her statement by telling Oedipus that the prophecy she was given about her son growing to kill his father and marry his mother never came to happen.
Later in the play, though, Jocasta gives an offering of incense and a branch to the gods, asking them to protect Oedipus and her. This proves that she does in fact possess faith in the gods. It seems that perhaps her faith in the gods is unchanging, though her beliefs in prophecies vacillates.
The fact that her faith can fluctuate so drastically reveals much about Jocasta as a person. She may not have any notion or firm belief as to what is right and wrong, and even if she does, she might choose not to follow those mores. I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king OEdipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it.
He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother- to his ruing bitterly thereafter Homer Instead, he continues to reign as King of Thebes.
Oedipus and Jocasta's Relationship/Progression by Brenna Goldberg on Prezi
It is made clear, however, that Epicaste is completely unaware that she has married her son, and that she kills herself out of grief for what has transpired. Some might say that this alternate ending might imply blame and punishment being put predominantly, or even solely, on the female figure. Though both are unaware of their true relationship, Epicaste takes the blame for what had happened. She takes her own life, which is not considered to be inappropriate for the situation, while Oedipus is able to remain king.
This interpretation could even allude to the story of Adam and Eve. Though both eat off of the forbidden fruit, Eve is given the blame for the fall from the Garden of Eden, and is punished far more severely than Adam by being given excruciating pain during childbirth. In this interpretation, however, she lives long after the truth comes out and Oedipus blinds himself.
When she does kill herself, however, it is with a sword and over the bodies of her two sons, Eteocles and Polyneices.
This shows her maternal love for her sons again, though these two she does not marry. Many people have heard of the Oedipal Complex, which is the name given to the common feeling by males especially young males of being in love with their mothers.