Relationship between existentialism absurdism and nihilismus

Absurdism - Wikipedia

relationship between existentialism absurdism and nihilismus

An essay on the differences in approaches when dealing with the intrinsic lack of meaning in the universe. Absurdism is the idea that Mankind is looking for a meaning of life in a world that doesn't have any. The difference with nihilism is that nihilists. What is the difference between absurdism and existentialism? Are there any similarities between nihilism and American pragmatism philosophies?.

A primary cause of confusion is that Friedrich Nietzsche is an important philosopher in both fields, but also the existentialist insistence on the inherent meaninglessness of the world.

Existentialist philosophers often stress the importance of Angst as signifying the absolute lack of any objective ground for action, a move that is often reduced to a moral or an existential nihilism. What might be worth noting here is 1 Nietzsche is considered both an existentialist and a nihilist and 2 nihilism involves the lack of an objective ground for action. However, this suggests another term, " existential nihilism ": Existential nihilism is the philosophical theory that life has no intrinsic meaning or value.

With respect to the universe, existential nihilism suggests that a single human or even the entire human species is insignificant, without purpose and unlikely to change in the totality of existence.

According to the theory, each individual is an isolated being born into the universe, barred from knowing "why", yet compelled to invent meaning.

What this suggests is that maybe for some philosophers these two terms, existentialism and nihilism, may not be easy to distinguish.

The Difference Between Existentialism, Nihilism, and Absurdism | Daniel Miessler

Finally, consider " absurdism ": In philosophy, "the Absurd" refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek inherent value and meaning in life and human inability to find any due to actual lack of any meaning or value.

In this context absurd does not mean "logically impossible", but rather "humanly impossible". Comparison of Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialists proposed that humans have to make choices in order to find purpose to their life and absurdists proposed that humanity will fail if they searched for the meaning of life, so finally where is human life headed to?

Do we endlessly seek for a purpose or do we simply exist?

The Difference Between Existentialism, Nihilism, and Absurdism

ScienceStruck Staff Last Updated: Early philosophers, thinkers, and spiritual figures emphasized on the existence of a 'higher being' and 'higher spiritual attainment of the human soul' which in a way fueled the thirst of discovering eternal life. After the catastrophic World wars, the European philosophers expressed shock and grief of human existence through two schools of philosophy - Existentialism and Absurdism.

People started to assume that life was meaningless, and questioned the silence and inception of God and believed that he does not exist after all, it seemed inconceivable to find an answer because no one knew where to begin looking or whom to ask, the world appeared utterly chaotic. Existentialists stated human life is ascertained by chance and free will, man makes his own destiny, whereas absurdists stated that humans stay oblivious to their fate and tend to fantasize about having a purposeful life.

This situation is well depicted in the absurdist play by Samuel Beckett Waiting for Godot. The play follows two men Vladimir and Estragon who pretend to be cheerful while assuming that they will end up meeting the mysterious Godot.

A Philosophical Ride: Comparison of Existentialism and Absurdism

Vladimir is responsible and mature in his behavior whereas Estragon seems suicidal and needs constant encouragement. Both these men symbolize humanity, some hope for answers and others lose hope in finding those answers.

Godot symbolizes God who through his silence contributes to the chaos around the world.

relationship between existentialism absurdism and nihilismus

The underlying nonsense of a world based on chance deteriorates human life into something that is despicable and can be fiddled with by destiny. A world grounded on probability can have no orderly chronological sequence, and thus time has no meaning and thus human life has no meaning. Recognizing this, humans will create beguilements and deviations, to provide the purpose and meaning that is inherently absent in their lives.

relationship between existentialism absurdism and nihilismus

Strongly based on these notions let us differentiate existentialism and absurdism. Definition Existentialism A philosophical approach which underscores the existence of humanity on the basis of free will and importance of choice. It proposes that we subsist due to our own decisions and independently create our destinies isolated from God and society.

A Philosophical Ride: Comparison of Existentialism and Absurdism

Absurdism A philosophical approach which states that human beings live in indispensable isolation in a meaningless and irrational universe and that any search for order by them will bring them into direct conflict with this universe. Thomas Aquinas were its subsequent forerunners. During the 17th Century, Blaise Pascal proposed that, without God, life would become meaningless, boring and miserable. They deflect themselves with these token-victories to avoid the truth of death.

Eminent English philosopher John Locke through his writings favored individual liberty and self-determination. The concept of 'existence' was first used in his philosophical writings. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is another notable figure of this period whose writings have greatly influenced the 20th century thinkers.