Relationship between elijah and john the baptist

Was John the Baptist really Elijah? |

relationship between elijah and john the baptist

In his ministry to the nation of Israel, Malachi prophesied that Elijah would come before the Isaiah ) and applied his prophesy to John the Baptizer. Similarities Between Elijah and John the Baptist - Free download as .rtf), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. In addition, John the Baptist is linked to another figure who, like Jeremiah, was linked both to Moses and to Israel's future deliverance: Elijah. This connection is .

His calling in Jeremiah 1 in many ways mirrors the calling of Moses in Exodus 3. Both complain that they are not good speakers Jer 1: Both are comforted by being told that God will be with them Jer 1: The list goes on and on.

John the Baptist: In the Spirit and Power of Elijah by Dr. Michael Barber | St. Paul Center

Jeremiah then is a kind of New Moses. It is no wonder then that he predicts the coming of a New Covenant, using language of a New Exodus: Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant which they broke, though I was their husband, says the LORD.

I will put my law within them, and I will write it upon their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. This is evident in 2 Maccabees.

Was John the Baptist really Elijah?

As Onias the high priest is praying over the people, he spots none other than Jeremiah in the crowd: Onias, who had been high priest, a noble and good man, of modest bearing and gentle manner, one who spoke fittingly and had been trained from childhood in all that belongs to excellence, was praying with outstretched hands for the whole body of the Jews. Look at the language describing his ministry in Matthew 3: Prepare the way Gk. As in the Exodus, God is preparing a way, in Greek, a hodos note: This connection is evident in Luke 1, in which his birth is announced.

And he will turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God, 17 and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready for the Lord a people prepared.

I could compile quite a list.

Was John the Baptist Elijah? Matthew Says 'Yes,' John Says 'No,' Rabbi Tovia Singer Explains Why

Let me just name a few points of contact here. Exod 16 where Moses provides the manna. Carmel taking 12 stones symbolizing Israel 1 Kgs Moses erects altar with twelve pillars at Mt. Sinai He calls down fire to consume the sacrifices. Notice the parallels here! Elijah commands idolaters to be slain 1 Kgs Elijah is re- commissioned at Horeb 1 Kgs 19; cf. Moses in Exod Moses also prayed for death to come Elijah called down fire from heaven to consume his enemies 2 Kgs 1: Num 16 and Lev Compare with Exodus Moses died mysteriously and no one knew the place he was buried.

In short, Elijah is a New Moses.

John the Baptist as Elijah

Not surprisingly then John is identified by Jesus as Elijah. This is made explicit in Matthew after the Transfiguration.

relationship between elijah and john the baptist

So also the Son of man will suffer at their hands. As the Dead Sea Scrolls reveal, there were many Jews who were thinking eschatologically, preparing for the coming of the messianic age. Interestingly enough, the Jews at Qumran, apparently used language and performed rites similar to John the Baptist. For instance, in a striking parallel to the speech of John the Baptist recorded in the New Testament, we read in one Dead Sea Scroll text: Likewise, we know that the Essene community, which is most likely to be identified in some way with the community who wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls, practices ritual washing, symbolizing cleansing from impurity and entrance into the New Covenant community.

Whether John had direct contact with the Essene community is impossible to know. But we do see John announcing something that many were apparently looking for: He in fact becomes a figure much like Elijah, performing several miracles reminiscent of his mentor. Like Elijah, Elisha parts the waters of the Jordan cf.

Like Elijah, Elisha raises a child from the dead 1 Kgs Num 12; 2 Kgs 5.

relationship between elijah and john the baptist

Likewise, whereas Elijah feeds the widow and her son, Elisha feeds a hundred men with ten loaves cf. If that last miracle sounds reminiscent of a miracle of Jesus, it should. Consider the parallels between 2 Kgs 4: For nearly years before the coming of Messiah, Malachi 3 and 4 were read on Shabbat haGadol just before Passover. God commanded our people in Exodus Jewish traditions points to Ezra and Nehemiah as the framers of the one-year Torah-Haftorah cycle and were credited with placing Malachi as the Haftorah for Shabbat haGadol.

So what was the last thing anyone heard in the synagogue just before making their journey in the first century? They heard Malachi 4: Malachi 4 connects Horeb the book of Exodus and Elijah in verses 4 and 5. Why does the Torah portion begin in verse four? The sentence does not make sense until we read three verses of Malachi 3, which seem to be curiously missing from what I believe to be the original Haftorah portion that was read in the days of our Messiah.

I am sending my messenger to clear the way before Me; and the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His Temple. Yes, the messenger of the covenant in whom you take such delight look! Not only does Malachi 3 and 4 link Elijah to the Passover one week before the celebration of Passover, but again, in Malachi 3: They heard Malachi 3 and 4 on Shabbat haGadol, and just like everybody else, it made them feel a deep expectation that Messiah would one day come on Passover.