Essay on National Integration and Communal Harmony in India
Introduction to National Integration and Communal Harmony of communal discord, appealing to people to improve civil society relations. Feelings of exclusion among diverse groups which are perceived or even actually. Mamatha Before we understand what national integration is we have at first to know which serve and create superficial and artificial barriers between them. PDF | On Jan 1, , Kishor Chandra Satpathy and others published National Integration and Communal Harmony.
It is a value which is aspired by most nations and in a democracyit is all the more critical owing to the factors of the existence of a large number of minorities. National Integration helps to promote sectoral interests too within the ambit of nationally integrative forces. In this article, we have given you all the information about national integration and communal harmony. Information such as what national is national integration and communal harmony?
Essay on National Integration, Communal Harmony, Speech Introduction to National Integration and Communal Harmony National Integration as a concept has been synonymous with the process of a modern political system comprising chiefly of nation states. Although historians attribute the post-colonial phase after the second world war as the watershed time frame for the growth of national integration.
Especially so, as the colonial domination in most countries led to unprecedented mass mobilization in favor of retaining their national culture and identity. Even in Indianational integration was actively promoted since the very inception of Independence struggle against the British. Manifestos of Indian National Congress even in the pre Independence era, regularly identified national integration across regions, religions, and groups as the most essential factor to mobilize people against British domination.
Crucial to the understanding of National Integration is the principle of integration or integrationist approach in political science, which in simple terms mean that smaller groups come together keeping their identities intact, to face challenges better which as a separate unit they could not tackle with. Anitol Etzoni propounded this theory in the s. Therefore pluralist existence is a prerequisite for any integration on the national scale to take place. History and Origin of National Integration The idea of communal harmony is a part of national integration where it is understood that people from different religious or group affiliations would come together in love and peace to ensure a harmonious social coexistence.
Communal harmony is the linking thread in understanding Indian national integration. The Constitution of India, with its various provisions like Equality before Law, equal right to religion and most importantly announcing India as a sovereign, secular Republic has laid the strong foundation for communal harmony in the civil society. The setting up of National Foundation for Communal Harmony in are examples of how the government takes steps to ensure that communal violence is kept low in a country as diverse and plural as India.
National Foundation for Communal Harmony is a foundation that fosters the spirit of national integration through various civil and social work including helping victims of minority communities in times of communal violence, keeping itself updated on records of communal discord, appealing to people to improve civil society relations.
National integration, as it is therefore clear is more of a continuous process as a collective effort than any rhetoric. Importance of National Integration With the growth of nation, states, the concept of national integration became a matter of extensive debate. It is the highest ethic that embodies the principle of nation-building. With or without the existence of democracies, national integration has been accepted as a chief requisite for the functioning of governments in an orderly manner.
For example, the process of nation-building in Africa is still an ongoing process across several countries. Even then the various leadership recognizes putting forward the presence of national integration a necessary ideal to be achieved in lieu of the Pan African identity. Without the adequate protection of national integration, there develop factors which threaten the common thread of national functionality which helps bind the social cleavages together.
In ethnically, socially and culturally diverse countries which are new to democracy or independent functioning, national integration forms the basis on which unity is achieved. There can be little doubt that to prevent social segregation and breakdown of civil structure within a nation state, national integration is something that needs to be preserved.
This, in turn, became a severe impediment in their functioning of democratic government. The significance of national integration is further seen through the realization of local and group aspirations that can be harmonized within the mainstream national culture. Such accommodation more than anything else helps to judiciously lay down a consensually achieved national integration.
Seminar on Communal Harmony and National Integration
Effects of National Integration Karl Deutsch, a leading political philosopher emphasized the need for social interaction to be the formative basis to bring in a culture of national integration.
The question of national integration is formally best achieved through continuous social interaction that leads to a smoother transition to building up of a collective identity. Once national integration is achieved, it leads to several positive effects including: Healthy functioning of democratic institutions Fostering of diverse opinion that can be channelized better to further the spirit of national unity Secularism is achieved Unity in diversity is achieved as has happened in India Economic interests of various groups are protected under the bigger picture of national economic aims However, one needs to keep in mind that consensus is critical as a value to achieve national integration.
Whether it is consensus for norms in a society or realization of group welfare interests, without the presence of the consensus, the concept of national integration ends up in a shamble. With the strengthening of national integration, tourism of a country, sports activities receive a significant boost. This is return promotes a further sense of belonging of people towards the country as well as helps in progressing the national economic interests. An additional effect of national integration is marked by the harmonious co-existence of various groups and communities whereby the diverse interests become the point of celebration minus the disintegrative tendencies.
Essay on Nationalism, Speech, in the English Language Challenges To National Integration The forces that seek to challenge and overthrow national integration are several especially in countries that have witnessed multiple civil strifes. As glottalization has progressed, factors that pursue regional and parochial tendencies have also gained momentum. The Preamble to the Constitution described India as a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and secures to all citizens liberty of thought, expression belief, faith and worship.
Articles 25 to 30, in particular, guarantee to everyone the right of freedom of religion freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion. National integration is thus an established fact. Why are we then worried? The cause of anxiety is the separatist tendency which tends to endanger the age-old communal harmony and unity of the country.
Essay on National Integration, Communal Harmony Speech & Article
The fissiparous tendencies like aggressive communalism, regionalism, linguism, religious bigotry and casteism are threatening the natural integration. Let us therefore, study the genesis and forms of operation of these tendencies, so that concrete steps may be taken to eliminate these trends from our society. The foremost danger to National Integration is rapid communalism.
Admittedly, there is no doubt that the communal question was nurtured and grew to menacing proportions with the politically motivated encouragement given by British rulers to certain communities. The expectations of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru did not come into reality.
The spurt of communal riots in the post independence years is as a reminder of the harsh reality and proved that communalism has now deeper roots than before. Now, steps should therefore, be taken to to strengthen the feeling of National Integration, Unity and Communal Harmony.
Linguism is yet another problem and sectarian sentiment which has been granulated in the recent past. The reorganization of states on linguistic basis is considered to have given impetus to linguism.
Again, the adoption of Hindi as the official language of India roused linguistic sentiments. Casteism constitutes yet another potential threat to the Communal Harmony and National Integration in India.