Gunpowder Plot - Wikipedia
A popular symbol of protest today, Guy Fawkes was first the face of its environs, where England's Parliament was due to meet the next day. The 5 November is variously called 'Firework Night', 'Bonfire Night' or 'Guy Fawkes Day'. An Act of. The most notorious conspirator, Guy Fawkes, was discovered in the cellar, was a preferred meeting spot of the turncoats as they schemed to obliterate the.
It included a cellar underneath the House of Lords. In the cellar the plotters hid barrels of gunpowder. The barrels were hidden by firewood. Meanwhile other men were drawn into the plot. Parliament was due to meet on 5 November and the plotters planned to ignite the gunpowder then.
Meanwhile other men were drawn into the conspiracy. However on 26 October William Parker, Lord Monteagle received an anonymous letter warning him not to be present in parliament when it met.
Monteagle took the letter to Robert Cecil, the Earl of Salisbury, one of the king's ministers. The government now knew that a plot existed. On 4 November they searched the parliament buildings including the cellar under the House of Lords.
They discovered a suspiciously large amount of firewood. A second search was conducted around midnight and this time they found Guy Fawkes.
The Plot is Uncovered At first Guy Fawkes refused to talk but he was tortured and eventually confessed. Meanwhile the other conspirators fled to Holbeach House in Warwickshire.
He confronts him and calls him a traitor. Tresham denies the allegations but urges Catesby to now abandon the plot.
Catesby gets Guy Fawkes to check on the cellar. Nothing has been moved. The plotters are reassured. King James is shown the Monteagle letter by his chief minister Robert Cecil.
The Gunpowder Plot: Three years in the making
The Privy Council discuss how they can search the parliament building without warning off the conspirators. Catesby is unaware of this and decides the plot should go ahead. The search party spot a large amount of firewood in a cellar. The attendant, Guy Fawkes, under the alias John Johnson, tells them that it belongs to his master, royal bodyguard Thomas Percy.
He adopted the Italian version of his name 'Guido'. Logistically, digging a tunnel would have proved extremely difficult, especially as none of the conspirators had any experience of mining.
They ceased their efforts when, during tunnelling, they heard a noise from above. The noise turned out to be the then-tenant's widow, who was clearing out the undercroft directly beneath the House of Lords—the room where the plotters eventually stored the gunpowder. The additions of Wintour and Wright were obvious choices.
Along with a small fortune, Robert Wintour inherited Huddington Court a known refuge for priests near Worcesterand was reputedly a generous and well-liked man. A devout Catholic, he married Gertrude, the daughter of John Talbot of Graftona prominent Worcestershire family of recusants. Reputed to be an intelligent, thoughtful man, he sheltered Catholics at his home at Snitterfieldand was another who had been involved in the Essex revolt of The Palace of Westminster in the early 17th century was a warren of buildings clustered around the medieval chambers, chapels, and halls of the former royal palace that housed both Parliament and the various royal law courts.
The old palace was easily accessible; merchants, lawyers, and others lived and worked in the lodgings, shops and taverns within its precincts.
Guy Fawkes - The Gunpowder Plot of - History Learning Site
Whynniard's building was along a right-angle to the House of Lords, alongside a passageway called Parliament Place, which itself led to Parliament Stairs and the River Thames. Undercrofts were common features at the time, used to house a variety of materials including food and firewood.
Whynniard's undercroft, on the ground floor, was directly beneath the first-floor House of Lords, and may once have been part of the palace's medieval kitchen. Unused and filthy, its location was ideal for what the group planned to do. The undercroft beneath the House of Lords, as illustrated in Garnet answered that such actions could often be excused, but according to his own account later admonished Catesby during a second meeting in July in Essex, showing him a letter from the pope which forbade rebellion.
Soon after, the Jesuit priest Oswald Tesimond told Garnet he had taken Catesby's confession, [i] in the course of which he had learnt of the plot.
He also told Acquaviva that "there is a risk that some private endeavour may commit treason or use force against the King", and urged the pope to issue a public brief against the use of force.
The supply of gunpowder was theoretically controlled by the government, but it was easily obtained from illicit sources. Fawkes left the country for a short time. The King, meanwhile, spent much of the summer away from the city, hunting.
He stayed wherever was convenient, including on occasion at the houses of prominent Catholics. Garnet, convinced that the threat of an uprising had receded, travelled the country on a pilgrimage.
- The Gunpowder Plot of 1605
More gunpowder was brought into the room, along with firewood to conceal it. Rookwood was a young man with recusant connections, whose stable of horses at Coldham Hall in StanningfieldSuffolk was an important factor in his enlistment. His parents, Robert Rookwood and Dorothea Drurywere wealthy landowners, and had educated their son at a Jesuit school near Calais. Everard Digby was a young man who was generally well liked, and lived at Gayhurst House in Buckinghamshire.
He had been knighted by the King in Apriland was converted to Catholicism by Gerard. Digby and his wife, Mary Mulshawhad accompanied the priest on his pilgrimage, and the two men were reportedly close friends.
Digby was asked by Catesby to rent Coughton Court near Alcester. In his confession, Tresham claimed that he had asked Catesby if the plot would damn their souls, to which Catesby had replied it would not, and that the plight of England's Catholics required that it be done.
Its author's identity has never been reliably established, although Francis Tresham has long been a suspect. Monteagle himself has been considered responsible,  as has Salisbury.
Fawkes would leave for the continent, to explain events in England to the European Catholic powers. Keyes suggested warning Lord Mordaunt, his wife's employer, to derision from Catesby. Having broken the seal, he handed the letter to a servant who read it aloud: My Lord, out of the love I bear to some of your friends, I have a care of your preservation. Therefore I would advise you, as you tender your life, to devise some excuse to shift your attendance at this parliament; for God and man hath concurred to punish the wickedness of this time.
And think not slightly of this advertisement, but retire yourself into your country where you may expect the event in safety.
Gunpowder Plot - HISTORY
For though there be no appearance of any stir, yet I say they shall receive a terrible blow this Parliament; and yet they shall not see who hurts them. This counsel is not to be condemned because it may do you good and can do you no harm; for the danger is passed as soon as you have burnt the letter. And I hope God will give you the grace to make good use of it, to whose holy protection I commend you. Monteagle's servant, Thomas Ward, had family connections with the Wright brothers, and sent a message to Catesby about the betrayal.
Catesby, who had been due to go hunting with the King, suspected that Tresham was responsible for the letter, and with Thomas Wintour confronted the recently recruited conspirator. Tresham managed to convince the pair that he had not written the letter, but urged them to abandon the plot. He therefore elected to wait, to see how events unfolded. Upon reading it, James immediately seized upon the word "blow" and felt that it hinted at "some strategem of fire and powder",  perhaps an explosion exceeding in violence the one that killed his father, Lord Darnleyat Kirk o' Field in Percy returned to London and assured Wintour, John Wright, and Robert Keyes that they had nothing to be concerned about, and returned to his lodgings on Gray's Inn Road.
Fawkes visited Keyes, and was given a pocket watch left by Percy, to time the fuse, and an hour later Rookwood received several engraved swords from a local cutler. They found a large pile of firewood in the undercroft beneath the House of Lords, accompanied by what they presumed to be a serving man Fawkeswho told them that the firewood belonged to his master, Thomas Percy.