Indonesia | United States Trade Representative
The economic dimension of U.S.-Indonesia relations has traditionally lagged join the four other Southeast Asian countries (Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, and . U.S. Relations With Indonesia U.S. bilateral goods trade with Indonesia totaled over $27 billion in , while bilateral trade in services the number of American and Indonesian students who study in each other's country. The United States and Indonesia meet regularly under the bilateral Trade The stock of U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Indonesia was $ billion Indonesia has bilateral and regional FTAs with many countries across the Asia.
The formal diplomatic relations between Indonesia and the United States were officially marked by the opening of an Embassy in each of the two countries. Horace Merle Cocrhan as the first U. Ambassador to Indonesia, whereas Indonesia appointed Dr. The Partnership will be an avenue to address more strategic issues at the highest level. It will create opportunities to deepen Indonesia and the U. The Partnership focuses on six areas of cooperation: It also recognized the invaluable contributions of civil society and the private sector by establishing a joint Council to work on Track II.
Under the Track II cooperation, on August 11,the United States-Indonesia Society USINDO and committed non-government Indonesian and American leaders from the religious, academic, and non-government sectors of each country, announced the creation of an independent, bi-national, non-governmental body, the Indonesia-U. Council on Religion and Pluralism, in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The areas of shared interest, experience, and concern of the Council, are: For illustration, inthere were at least joint defense and security activities performed by the military officials of Indonesia and the U.
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Indonesia and the U. Inthe Minister for Defence of Indonesia and the U. Secretary of Defense signed a joint statement, stipulating the focus activities that will be undertaken to advance the cooperation of the two countries, as follows: This is why the two countries are committed to increase its government to government and business to business relations. TIFA serves as a forum to discuss issues related to trade and investment between the two countries.
The amount placed the United States as the 3rd biggest investor in Indonesia after Singapore and Britain. The agreement then was ratified through the Presidential Regulation No. For thirty years, between andUS aid to Indonesia was provided within the arrangements of, first, the Inter-Governmental Group on Indonesiaand later the Consultative Group on Indonesia.
Through the s, a time of great economic growth in Indonesia, USAID played a major role in helping the country achieve self-sufficiency in rice production and in reducing the birth rate.
Today, USAID assistance programs focus on basic education, democratic governance, rebuilding after the tsunami, economic growth, health, water, food, and the environment.
This initiative is a cornerstone of the U. Government assistance program in Indonesia, directly responding to Indonesia's priorities and reflecting a joint Indonesia-U. MBE is also working with 10, educators to improve the quality of teaching and learning in grades through in-service teacher training, community participation, and the promotion of school-based management.
Through dissemination of good practices, teachers from 2, additional schools received training last year. Decentralized basic education DBE The Indonesia Education Initiative will increase the quality of basic education in primary and junior secondary schools, both public and private, and focus on three results: DBE1 Local governments and communities more effectively manage education services; DBE2 Enhance the quality of teaching and learning to improve student performance in key subjects such as math, science, and reading; and DBE3 Youth gain more relevant life and work skills to better compete for jobs in the future.
Opportunities for vulnerable children This program promotes inclusive education in Indonesia. Children with special needs such as visual impairment are provided the opportunity to be educated in public schools.
Replicable models are being developed to expand the reach of the program. Millions of Indonesian children will be better equipped to start school. The first season is scheduled to air in mid Effective democracy and decentralized governance This objective aims to support democratic reforms by supporting effective and accountable local governance, addressing conflict and encouraging pluralismand consolidating national-level democratic reforms.
Mitigation of conflict and support for peace USAID remains a key donor working to mitigate conflict and support peace in conflict areas, such as AcehPapuaSulawesiand Ambon.
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Assistance activities focus on: Anti-trafficking in persons USAID's anti-trafficking programs work closely with the Ministry of Women's Empowerment and civil society groups in policy making, program development, victim support, and dissemination of information which will contribute to reducing the trafficking of women and children in Indonesia. Legislative strengthening Technical assistance and training are provided to strengthen the legislative and legal drafting skills of parliamentarians as well as provide institutional support to the National House of Representatives, National Regional Representative Council, nine provincial legislative councils and 40 district-level legislative councils.
Activities include promoting constituency and media outreach; developing the capacity to draft and analyze legislation and operational budgets; creating inter-party coalitions; encouraging legislative commissions to carry out their functions, and perform strategic planning. The local governance support program Currently assisting 60 local governments, this program works to increase governmental accountability and transparency, strengthen the local legislative process, promote citizen engagement and civil service reform, and improve the delivery of basic services.
The program assists local radio stations in North Sumatra, Aceh and Java, fostering dialogue on media regulations, and providing support for media and media education in Aceh.
Tsunami Reconstruction The U. Government was one of the first donors to respond to the disaster, and remains one of the largest contributors to relief and reconstruction efforts in Indonesia. Through numerous grants to non-governmental organizations NGOsinternational organizations, and UN agencies, USAID has helped stabilize the humanitarian situation in Aceh, avert a public health crisis, and provide relief services to survivors.
Rebuilding shelter and key infrastructure USAID is assisting communities by providing much needed shelter, working with the Indonesian Government to rebuild key infrastructure, and ensuring proper mapping and planning is considered through local cooperation. Restoring livelihoods USAID enables communities to direct capacity building to benefit people at the local level.
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Strengthening capacity and governance USAID is providing assistance to restore local government services in Aceh, working to increase governmental accountability and transparency, strengthen the local legislative process, promote citizen engagement and civil service reform, and improve the delivery of basic services.
Economic growth strengthened and employment created Assistance to the Indonesian Government and private sector focuses on creating jobs by improving the business and investment climate, combating corruption, increasing competitiveness in key sectors, and improving the safety of the financial system. USAID is working with Indonesians to ensure that future generations enjoy an increasingly prosperous, democratic and stable country.
Business climate and enterprise development Efforts to promote a transparent and predictable legal and regulatory business climate aim to reduce the hidden costs of doing business, to reduce uncertainty, and to promote trade, investment and job creation. USAID delivers technical assistance to leading industry sectors in an effort to fuel growth, exports, jobs, and prosperity. These efforts drive increased productivity and national competitiveness by forging stronger coalitions of public, private, and civil society advocates for legal, regulatory, and policy change.
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Financial sector safety and soundness USAID is working to improve the oversight of bank and non-bank financial intermediaries in order to promote safety and soundness in the financial system and to improve transparency and governance.
Environmental services This program supports better health through improved water resources management and expanded access to clean water and sanitation services. With a ridge to reef approach, partners improve water resource management from watershed sources, along rivers, through cities, and to coastal reefs.
In the upper watershed, the program promotes forest management, biodiversity conservation, and land use planning to protect a steady, year-round source of clean water.
Further downstream, the program strengthens municipal water utilities to improve and expand piped water and sanitation services to communities.