Backpacking Nepal Travel Guide (Updated for ) + Trekking Itineraries
India's gentle cousin, Nepal runs at a slower pace — after all, most people travel and cows, cow dung (essential for cooking) and the relationship of brothers. We round up this amazing region's best treks, across Nepal, India, and so the most popular trekking periods in much of India, Nepal and the. Nepal is a landlocked country in Southern Asia, between the Tibet autonomous Outer Terai - Level plains, a cultural and linguistic extension of northern India. Trekking through the hills is unremittingly scenic with streams and terraced fields, . This kingdom -- where late marriage and low population densities prevailed.
Kangchenjunga and a high ridge to the south are the watershed between the Koshi and Tista basins as well as the border between Nepal and the former kingdom of Sikkim that India annexed in Containment by British[ edit ] The Shah dynasty's expansion continued eastward across Sikkim and westward across Kumaon and beyond Dehra Dun to the Sutlej River, until the British declared war in and finally defeated Nepalese forces in The British wanted a buffer state between British India and the Chinese empire that ultimately controlled Tibet, so it trimmed Nepal back approximately to its present size and let it remain independent.
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Informal Settlement in Sikkim and Bhutan[ edit ] Nevertheless Nepalese eastward colonization beyond the Kosi continued informally, still driven by high birthrates. By the s land-hungry Nepalis were settling in the Tista basin, which happened to be a different country, Sikkim. In the s they were settling beyond Sikkim in the kingdom of Bhutan. This kingdom -- where late marriage and low population densities prevailed among the indigenous, culturally Tibetan population -- saw the demographic writing on the wall and expelled as many asNepalis in Hindu Groups[ edit ] Hindu castes migrated from Southern part of present day Nepal to Nepal after 11th century.
The traditional Hindu caste system is based on the four Varna Vyawastha "the class system" of Brahman Bahun priests, scholars and advisors; Kshatriya Chhetri rulers and warriors, Vaishya merchants ; Shudra farmers and menial occupations.
However the middle Vaishya and Shudra are underrepresented in the hills, apparently because they did not have compelling reason to leave the plains while Muslim invaders tried to eliminate previous elites. Dalits seem to have accompanied the upper castes into the hills because they were bound by long standing patronage arrangements. Traditional caste rules govern who can eat with whom, especially when boiled rice is served, and who can accept water from whom. Until the s these rules were enforced by law.
The National Dalit Commission categorized 28 cultural groups as Dalits.
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Some argue that the use of the term Dalit will never ever help to abolish caste-based untouchability. Literally, 'Dalit' translates to 'suppressed' in Nepali. There are suggestions that the term should not be used because it not only breeds inferiority but is also insulting. Newar[ edit ] Newars, —the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley— follow both Hinduism and Buddhism.
According to the census, they can be classified into 40 distinct cultural groups, but all speak a common language called Nepal bhasa Newa bhaaya.
Newars use prevailing lingua francas to communicate outside their community: Nepali in the hills and Maithili, Bhojpuri and Awadhi in the Terai. Indigenous peoples[ edit ] The ethnic groups of the hills, Terai and mountain areas are grouped as Janajati. A total of 61 Adibasi Janajatis have been recognised by the Nepal Government, 5 are from the mountain regions, 20 from the Hills, 7 from inner Terai and 11 from the Terai region.
A Janajati is a community who has its own mother tongue and traditional culture and yet does not fall under the conventional fourfold Varna of the Hindu system or the Hindu hierarchical caste structure. Many of these ethnic groups are Hinduized to some degree, although Hindu practices supplement rather than replace more ancient beliefs and practices. Different indigenous nationalities are in different stages of development.
Some indigenous nationalities are nomads, e. Raute, and some are forest dwellers, e. Most of the indigenous nationalities rely on agriculture and pastoralism and very few are cosmopolitan, e.
According to census main religions are Hinduism Climate[ edit ] Nepal has a Monsoonal climate with four main seasons - though traditionally a year was categorized into six distinct climate periods: Basanta springGrishma early summerBarkha summer monsoonSharad early autumnHemanta late autumn and Shishir winter. Below is a general guide to conditions at different seasons: Heavy monsoonal rains from June to September - the rains are generally lighter high in the Himalayas than in Kathmandu, though the mountain peaks are often not visible due to clouds.
Clear and cool weather from October to December - after the monsoon, there is little dust in the air so this is the best season to visit the hilly and mountainous regions.
It is possible to trek in places like the Everest region during the winter, but it is extremely cold and snow fall may prevent going above 4, - 4, metres 13, - 15, feet.
Dry and warm weather from April to June - there is an abundance of blooming flowers in the Himalayas at this time, with rhododendrons, in particular, adding a splash of colour to the landscape. This is the best time to undertake mountain expeditions. The recording of temperatures and rainfall of the major locations across Nepal was started in and their averages  provides a reference point for analyzing the climate trend.
GPS maps[ edit ] There are couple of maps available for Nepal: Which comes as 3 separate maps covering the following areas: Electricity[ edit ] Electricity is produced by hydro-electric dams and cannot meet demand.
Backpacking Nepal Travel Guide
Power is usually cut to just a few hours a day, although it may be on for most of the day in areas near a dam. Hotels and businesses often have battery back-up and noisy diesel generators. On treks and outside of major cities electricity is scarce. Expect to pay - Rs per hour to charge goods on many tea-house treks, including the Everest base camp trek.
One alternative is to buy a bayonet light to electricity power plug converter, however these only work while voltage remains high they often won't work on low power solar systems you find right up in the mountains. Simple adapters can be purchased inexpensively, around NPR80, in Kathmandu to change the shape of the plug but not the voltage of the electricity!
The output voltage from the wall outlet is V AC and frequency is between Hz. For example, the United States uses about V AC and some electronic devices might be designed to operate in that voltage only. Fly to Lukla early in the morning meters. Day 3 Day Trek to Namche Bazaar meters.
Day 4 Day Rest day in Namche Bazaar for Acclimatization. Day 5 Day Trek to Tengboche meters. Day 6 Day Trek to Dingboche meters. Day 7 Day Trek to Lobuche meters. Day 8 Day Visit Everest Base Camp meters. The park is a blend of forest, marshland and grassy plains, intersected by the Rapti River and its tributaries.
You have an excellent chance of seeing one-horned rhinos, moneys and deer, as well as birds over species inhabit here. Leopards, elephants, sloth bears and a growing population of Bengal tigers are in the vicinity, though hard to sight.
Nepal - Wikitravel
Chitwan National Park was the first park quiet enough for me to hear the squawks and screeches myself. The splashing of water nearby alerted us to the presence of a one-horned rhino taking a bath, a number of bird species hovering close by. Where to stay in Chitwan National Park Most hotels are located in Sauraha, a village on the northern banks of the Rapti. As an alternative, I suggest journeying farther west along the river to Barahi Jungle Lodgea comfortable stay on a much quieter part of the river.
My naturalist joined me for lunch to discuss ideas for the days ahead. Hindus believe that Lord Shiva lives on the summit and often pilgrimage to the foot of the mountain. There are massage salons for rejuvenating tired legs — Nepalese massages are rather firm in comparison with others — as well as small restaurants and handicraft stalls selling locally weaved textiles.
Early one morning, my guide and I hiked three hours uphill to Sarangkot at 1, m 5, fta small village set high on a ridge overlooking the city.
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From there you can see right across Pokhara Valley as the land sweeps up to meet the forested foothills with the icy peaks above. I also had the chance to trek through some of the surrounding rural villages, on a route tailored by my guide. We were welcomed into many homes along the way, including one which had been converted into a tiny museum housing a collection of Nepalese furniture, crockery and goblets.
We were also invited to watch the preparation of raksi, the local liquor brewed from rice. The staff will take you on nature walks around the lodge, and the facilities include an infinity pool. As always, the Himalaya are in the background, and the village felt particularly remote in its cloak of dense forest.
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