Tick bird and rhino relationship quiz

Symbiosis Mutually Beneficial (mutualism)

tick bird and rhino relationship quiz

Test your knowledge with amazing and interesting facts, trivia, quizzes, and brain teaser In recognition of Save the Rhinos Day on May 1, here are 15 important facts about nature's knight in armor. THEY HAVE A COMPLICATED RELATIONSHIP WITH THE OXPECKER BIRD. Oxpecker bird sits on the head of a rhino. POLOKWANE, SOUTH AFRICA—After three rainy seasons together, a black rhinoceros and a parasite-eating tickbird are beginning to suspect. The oxpecker bird eats the ticks that are on the rhinoceros. The oxpecker gets a good meal and the rhinoceros gets rid of the bothersome ticks. MUTUALISM.

tick bird and rhino relationship quiz

By Martha Adams Photos. The two animals are not entirely equal partners, with the relationship tipped in favor of the bird. Symbiosis Among the several forms of symbiosis is mutualism, in which two or more organisms live or function together to benefit each other.

tick bird and rhino relationship quiz

One aspect of mutualism is the extent of involvement -- one partner may be completely dependent on the relationship obligatewhile the other benefits from the relationship but can survive without it facultative. Adding the word "cleaning" to mutualism indicates that one partner removes external parasites from the other. Kifaru The rhino "kifaru" in Swahili grazes on the African savanna and shelters in dense thickets of thorny brush. Ticks lurk in both spots, waiting to fling themselves onto a host.

Bird completely disappears inside rhino’s EAR!

Kifaru's skin is thick, but very sensitive and well supplied with blood just under the surface, so it bleeds easily. Ticks and other skin parasites make Kifaru itch horribly, so he spends a lot of time and energy scratching himself on rocks and trees, trying to get rid of them.

This is where the oxpecker, or tickbird, can be a big help. Kifaru is also very shortsighted and has a hard time seeing enemies if they approach, but the oxpecker on Kifaru's back can, and provides some warning by hissing and screaming. Because the rhino can survive without the tickbird, Kifaru is a facultative partner in this mutualistic relationship.

tick bird and rhino relationship quiz

For males this is typically for marking territory, while female Sumatran rhinos [ PDF ] have been observed spray urinating 69 times in a 12 hour period before giving birth, and continued this behavior even after the calf was weaned, likely to mask the scent of the calf. All white rhinos in a particular area head to the same spot to defecate, called a midden, which is essentially a communal dumping ground.

Male black rhinos are particularly aggressive in their pursuit of a mate, and the rate of " mortal combat " among these horned lovers is higher than any other mammal on the planet. About half of males and 30 percent of females die from injuries sustained while fighting.

tick bird and rhino relationship quiz

Rhinos and tapirs walk on three toes, while horses walk on one which we know as a hoof. Rhinos typically put most of their weight on their toenails when they walk to avoid wearing out their sensitive feet.

Bird completely disappears inside rhino’s EAR!

This is easy to do in the wild, where marshes and mushy wetlands abound, but when they're brought to zoos, their toenails tend to wear down on hard surfaces like concrete and asphalt. This can lead to swollen, sore, and cracked feet, making them more susceptible to infection. To tackle this issue, one zoo glued modified horseshoes onto a rhino's toes, which you can read about in the book The Rhino With Glue-On Shoes.

But not because they're depressed. For a rhino, a nice mud bath is like a day at the spa. It not only helps the animals cool down in hot weather, but it's also great for their skin, helping to ward off pesky insects. Although the animals have a pretty thick dermis, they're surprisingly vulnerable when it comes to bug bites and sunburn. The horns are fashioned into jewelry and figurines, and in some parts of Asia they're believed to hold healing properties they don't.

Now, around 30, survive in the wild, largely due to poaching. All five species of rhino are in danger, but three are considered critically endangered: Sumatran, Javan, and black rhinos. Today, there are about 60 remaining Javan rhinosfewer than Sumatran rhinosand about black rhinos. There is some good news, though. Thanks to conservation efforts, black and white rhino numbers have increased in recent years, with the white rhino having been "brought back from the brink of extinction," according to the World Wildlife Fund.