Tender love and transference: unpublished letters of C. G. Jung and Sabina Spielrein.
The aim of this article is to give an accurate account of the relationship between Sabina Spielrein and Carl Gustav Jung, based on a close. Sabina Nikolayevna Spielrein was a Russian physician and one of the first female psychoanalysts. She was. The author dissents from the widely accepted interpretation that the relationship between Sabina Spielrein and Carl Jung in the years included.
When Jung came to Freud about his relationship with Spielrein, Freud changed his ideas about the relationship between doctor and patient. She continued to yearn for him for several years afterwards, and wrote to Freud that she found it harder to forgive Jung for leaving the psychoanalytic movement than for "that business with me". He recounted, it was "the voice of a patient She was the second female member of this society.
The paper shows evidence of both Jungian and Freudian thought, but appears to mark the point at which she moved from identifying herself with Jung to seeing herself as more of a Freudian. Spielrein met with Freud on a number of occasions inand continued to correspond with him until She attempted in her correspondence with both Freud and Jung to reconcile the two men.
In the "Destruction" paper, and throughout her subsequent career, she drew on ideas from many different disciplines and schools of thought. By age 26, Spielrien became the youngest to publish her works. They moved to Berlinwhere Spielrein worked alongside Karl Abraham. Spielrein had her first daughter Irma-Renata known as Renatain While in Berlin, Spielrein published nine further papers. One of these was an account of children's beliefs about sex and reproduction, in which she included recollections of her own early fantasies about this.
The Dutch psychoanalyst van Waning has commented on this paper: Her husband joined his regiment in Kievand they were not reunited for more than a decade. The war years were times of privation for Spielrein: She composed music, and considered becoming a composer. She also began to write a novel in French. She recorded observations of her daughter's development in terms of language and play.
She continued her correspondence with Freud and Jung and her development of her own theoretical ideas, particularly in relation to attachment in children.
Career in Geneva —23 and work with Jean Piaget[ edit ] In she attended the sixth congress of the International Psychoanalytical Association in The Haguewhere she gave a talk on the origins of language in childhood.
She also announced her intention to join the staff of the Rousseau Institute in Genevaa pioneering clinical, training and research centre for child development in Geneva.
While she was there, Jean Piaget also joined the staff: Inshe and Piaget both delivered papers at the seventh congress of the International Psychoanalytical Association in Berlin. This was one of the most productive periods of her life, and she published twenty papers between and The most important of these was a new version of the paper she had given at the Hague on the origins of language, drawing on her collaboration with the linguist Charles Bally. Her other papers from the time are mainly devoted to bring psychoanalytic thought together with observational studies of child development.
Her papers in the Zeitschrift and Imago from this time mainly focus on the importance of speech acquisition in early childhood and the sense of time.
Jung Love: Sabina Spielrein, a forgotten pioneer of psychoanalysis - Telegraph
In the event, she never returned to western Europe, and the papers remained undiscovered until they were identified nearly sixty years later by the Jungian analyst Aldo Carotenuto, who published a selection of them.
On her arrival in Moscow, she found herself the most experienced psychoanalyst there, as well as one of the most closely connected with analysts and psychologists in the west. She also joined the Moscow Psychoanalytic Institute, which had been founded in under the direction of Moise Moishe Wulff. She then became involved with an ambitious new project in children's learning known as the "Detski Dom" Psychoanalytic Orphanage—Laboratory also known as the "White House.
Freud, psychoanalyst Sabina Spielrein — " Founded in by Vera Schmidt who had also been one of Freud's studentsthe "Detski Dom" was intended to teach children based on Freud's theories.
The school was only an orphanage in name: Sexual exploration and curiosity was also permitted.
Sabina Spielrein | Jewish Women's Archive
Spielrein's involvement included supervision of the teachers, and she may have supported them in a protest about their poor conditions of work, which led to their dismissal. The accusations were possibly made in response to attempts by Leon Trotsky to proletarianize the school's intake : Spielrein's characteristic way of combining subjective psychological ideas from psychoanalysis with objective observational research of children is likely to have been an important influence in their early formation as researchers, leading them to become the foremost Russian psychologists of their time.
She and her daughter rejoined her husband Pavel in Rostov-on-Don. As well as probably being disillusioned by her experience in Moscow, Spielrein may have been impelled to return because her husband by now was in a relationship with a Ukrainian woman, Olga Snetkova born Aksyukand they now had a daughter, Nina.
For at least the next decade, Spielrein continued to work actively as a pediatrician, carrying out further research, lecturing on psychoanalysis, and publishing in the west until In she presented a vigorous defense of Freud and psychoanalysis at a congress of psychiatry and neuropathology in Rostov, possibly the last person to mount such a defense at a time when psychoanalysis was on the point of being proscribed in Russia. She also talked of the importance of clinical supervision for psychological work with children, and described an approach to short term therapy that could be used when resources did not allow for extensive treatment.
Her niece Menikha described her from the s as "a very well mannered, friendly and gentle person. At the same time, she was tough as far as her convictions were concerned. In her brothers Isaac, Jan and Emil Spielrein were arrested, and executed in and during the Great Purge.
Death[ edit ] Spielrein and her daughters survived the first German invasion of Rostov-on-Don in Novemberwhich was repelled by the Red Army. However, in Julythe German army reoccupied the city. Spielrein and her two daughters, aged 29 and 16, were shot dead  by an SS death squad, Einsatzgruppe D, in Zmievskaya Balkaor "Snake Ravine" near Rostov-on-Don, together with 27, mostly Jewish victims.
Her tragic death in the Holocaust compounded this erasure. The publication inof the correspondence between Freud and Jung,  followed by the discovery of her personal papers and publication of some of them in the s onwards,   made her name quite widely known.
However, it led to her identification in popular culture as an erotic sideshow in the lives of the two men. Within the world of psychoanalysis, Spielrein is usually given no more than a footnote, for her conception of the sexual drive as containing both an instinct of destruction and an instinct of transformation, hence anticipating both Freud's " death drive " and Jung's views on "transformation";  Regardless of the questionable relationship with Jung, something positive and very useful to psychotherapy was born from it.
Jung's correspondence to Freud about his relationship with Spielrein inspired Freud's concepts of transference and countertransference. In recent years, however, Spielrein has been increasingly recognized as a significant thinker in her own right, influencing not only Jung, Freud and Melanie Klein, but also later psychologists including Jean PiagetAlexander Luria and Vygotsky .
- Women and Carl Jung: Sabina Spielrein
- Tender love and transference: unpublished letters of C. G. Jung and Sabina Spielrein.
Speilrein also has influential work in several topics such as: Etkind's research in Russia in the s showed that she did not "disappear" after leaving Western Europe, but continued as an active clinician and researcher. Lance Owens suggests that the importance of Spielrein's relationship with Jung should not be historically discounted, but seen as an additional part of her legacy and broad creative influence.
Owens provides evidence that Spielrein played a seminal role in Jung's personal psychological development, his understanding of love, and his subsequent formation of core psychological conceptualizations about "anima" and "transference. Through the works of Sabina Spielrein's child analysis, she was able to differentiate between autistic languages and social languages. His reply is startlingly callous: If she wanted him to remain strictly professional, he suggested, she should resume paying him: He apologised for jumping to conclusions, commenting to Jung that she was 'very bright.
There is meaning in everything she says.
Jung Love: Sabina Spielrein, a forgotten pioneer of psychoanalysis
Jung was married with two children, and it is clear that his relationship with Spielrein was inappropriately intimate whether it was sexual or not is the subject of debate. But there was more to it than that. Just as Jung and Freud became increasingly distrustful of each other and possessive of their ideas, so too did Jung and Spielrein.
When he read her university dissertation on schizophrenia Jung told her, 'I am surprised by the abundance of excellent thoughts, which anticipate various ideas of my own.
But it is good that others see things the same way as I do. He duly credited her in a footnote. She was at once the colleague of both men and neither. That same year Spielrein suddenly married a Russian doctor, Paul Sheftel, and in they had a daughter.
It seems it was a desperate attempt to forget Jung. For years Spielrein moved endlessly, seemingly incapable of settling anywhere or with anyone.