Hamlet: Act I Scene 3 Summary & Analysis | Shakespeare | CliffsNotes
Share deep familial affection; Ophelia is obedient to her father and brother, Gertrude to Hamlet; Submissive to will of men, but then again. In Polonius's house, Laertes prepares to leave for France. Bidding his sister, Ophelia, Polonius asks her about her relationship with Hamlet. She tells him that. The relationship is between Polonius and Laertes, is the ultimate bond. It is a bond, which contains the necessary love and respect in a father-son relationship, .
He and the king test his hypothesis by spying on and interrogating Ophelia. In his last attempt to spy on Hamlet, Polonius hides himself behind an arras in Gertrude's room. Hamlet deals roughly with his mother, causing her to cry for help. Polonius echoes the request for help and is heard by Hamlet, who then mistakes the voice for Claudius' and stabs through the arras and kills him.
Polonius' death at the hands of Hamlet causes Claudius to fear for his own life, Ophelia to go mad, and Laertes to seek revenge, which leads to the duel in the final act.
Sources[ edit ] The literary origins of the character may be traced to the King's counselor found in the Belleforest and William Painter versions of the Hamlet legend. However, at least since the 19th century scholars have also sought to understand the character in terms of Elizabethan court politics.
The theory was often finessed with supplementary arguments,  but also disputed. Arden Hamlet editor Harold Jenkinsfor example, criticised the idea of any direct personal satire of Burghley as "unlikely" and "uncharacteristic of Shakespeare". In the first quarto of Hamlet, Polonius is named "Corambis".
Polonius - Wikipedia
It has been suggested that this derives from "crambe" or "crambo", derived from a Latin phrase meaning "reheated cabbage", implying "a boring old man" who spouts trite rehashed ideas. Various suggestions have been made to explain this. Hibbard argues that the name was originally Polonius, but was changed because Q1 derives from a version of the play to be performed in Oxford and Cambridge, and the original name was too close to that of Robert Poleniusfounder of Oxford University.
Since Polonius is a parody of a pompous pseudo-intellectual, the name might have been interpreted as a deliberate insult.
Stage and film portrayals[ edit ] In most productions of the 20th century, up to aboutPolonius was played as a somewhat senilegarrulous man of about seventy-five or so, eliciting a few laughs from the audience by the depiction. More recent productions have tended to play him as a slightly younger man, and to emphasise his shiftiness rather than pompous senility, harking back to the traditional manner in which Polonius was played before the 20th century.
Until the s there was a tradition that the actor who plays Polonius also plays the quick-witted gravedigger in Act V. This bit suggests that the actor who played Polonius was an actor used to playing clowns much like the Fool in King Lear: Polonius adds a new dimension to the play and is a controlling and menacing character. This character is not a man of deep thought or fancy language but rather a pragmatist — a careful courtier more concerned with being correct than with emotional depth.
Shakespeare aptly underscores the fact that Laertes is the perfect foil for Hamlet. His rehearsed, political-sounding speech patterns oppose Hamlet's emotional, flowery, and heart-heavy ruminations. He has memorized his speech as if it were taken from his schoolboy copybook, and he shows that he is vain and ordinary with limited intellectual capabilities. This scene begins to reveal how Laertes might be similar to Hamlet — and decidedly different.
Polonius lives in a world of show. His instructions in social etiquette may have ethical substance but lack practical soundness for Laertes. When he speaks to Ophelia, he treats her the way one would expect a man of his time and stature to treat a daughter, as property.
A woman should bring honor and fortune to her family, and the image Ophelia projects for him very much concerns Polonius.
Gauri Kuwadekar: Laertes and Polonius in connection to Ophelia; Page , #4
He is sure that Hamlet would never choose Ophelia to wife. Hence, he amuses himself with off-color allusions to Hamlet's intentions and dashes any hopes she might have that her father would help her make a match.
Through Polonius and Laertes, Shakespeare introduces another motif of the play: Ophelia's dilemma is salient in this scene. Both Laertes and Polonius tell her that the man that she loves is using her, that he will discard her, and that she should not trust her own heart.
She is a dutiful daughter. Because her father has taught her to be seen and not heard, she listens and promises to honor the men's wishes.
No choice remains to her now but to break off all relations with Hamlet. But what if they have already consummated their love? What if he has already sworn to her that he loves her and would never forsake her?