Egrets and cattle symbiotic relationship worksheet

egrets and cattle symbiotic relationship worksheet

What are the different kinds of symbiosis? What are some The cattle egrets eat insects that are flushed as the big herbivores move around. What symbiotic relationship is this? Answer each of following questions on a sheet of lined paper. research to find examples of symbiotic relationships in agriculture. Students will write . Cows and Egrets. The cattle egret is often seen in the company of cattle. Worksheet. Symbiotic Relationships, Predation and Competition As the insects are stirred up, the cattle egrets following the livestock catch and feed upon.

There is a little bit of contention as to what the idea of symbiotic relationships actually encompasses. Some scientists believe that symbioses should only describe persistent interactions among organisms that remain over time. Others feel that any type of interactions fall into this category.

Examples of Commensalism for a Better Understanding of the Concept

Mutualism A mutualistic relationship is one in which both organisms benefit from interacting with each other. They cooperate with each other to achieve a desired outcome that will be beneficial to both of them.

Nature's clever hunter: Egret uses 'umbrella' trick

Take the wrasse in the video clip for example. Cleaner wrasses have a mutualistic relationship with the large fish they service. The fish at the cleaning station line up to get the parasites picked off them; they are cleaned and free from harmful, blood-sucking parasites and the cleaner wrasse gets a nice meal from the fish.

Both get something useful out of the deal, so the relationship is mutually beneficial. One gets a meal, the other gets cleaned. Most animals are not capable of digesting cellulose, a material found in plant tissues, yet many animals eat plants. How are they able to do this? The answer is mutualism. Animals that eat plant matter house bacteria and protists in their digestive systems that are capable of breaking down the cellulose in the plant material they consume.

Symbiosis Basics: Mutualism, Parasitism, and Commensalism

Animals with different diets require different microorganisms to break down these tissues. Grass-eating cows for example host a different set of bacteria than wood-eating termites. In this kind of relationship the host provides a warm, safe place for the microfauna to live while providing a free source of nourishment and in turn for providing that food and shelter, they reap the benefits of metabolic services. Mutualism occurs in the plant world as well, with pollination being the primary example of mutualistic plant-animal relationships.

Some more mutualistic symbioses for you to explore: When a bird eats a Monarch butterfly, it finds it distasteful, and gets sick.

Thus, they avoid eating it. Birds Following Army Ants Many birds form a commensal relationship with some species of ants like the army ants. A great number of army ants trail on the forest floor, and while moving, stir up many insects lying in their path. The birds follow these army ants and eat up the insects that try to escape from them. The birds benefit by catching their prey easily, while the army ants are totally unaffected. Burdock Seeds on the Fur of Passing Animals Many plant species have adapted themselves by developing curved spines on their seeds or seedpods in order to disperse them over a larger area.

egrets and cattle symbiotic relationship worksheet

The burdocks are a common type of weed that are mostly found along roadsides, and on barren land and fields. The burdock seeds have long, curved spines attached to them.

They easily catch onto the fur of passing animals, which carry and drop off these seeds to other regions. Barnacles and Whales The barnacles are a type of crustaceans that are sedentary, i.

At their larval stage, they stick to the bodies of other organisms like whales, and other places like shells, rocks, or even ships, and grow on their surface.

While the whales are on the move, the barnacles catch hold of floating plankton and other food material using their feather-like feet. This way, they get the nutrition and transportation, and the whale is not harmed or benefited in any manner.

egrets and cattle symbiotic relationship worksheet

Emperor Shrimp and Sea Cucumbers Emperor shrimp is a small crustacean that is usually found in the Indo-Pacific region. It can be seen hitching a ride on sea cucumbers.

These shrimp get protection as well as a mode of transportation to move about in larger areas in search of food, without spending any energy on their own.

Examples of Commensalism for a Better Understanding of the Concept

They get off from their host sea cucumber to feed, and get back on for a ride when they want to move to other areas. Decorator Crabs and Sea Sponges Decorator crabs have undergone a very unique adaptation for concealing and camouflaging themselves. As the name suggests, the decorator crabs snip off material available in their surrounding environment, and decorate their shells.

In forming a commensal relationship with the sea sponges, they carve out small pieces of sponges and camouflage themselves using them.

Symbiosis ( Read ) | Biology | CK Foundation

This adaption of the decorator crab provides protection to it without harming or benefiting the sea sponges. One of the examples of commensalism in the tundra biome is between the caribou and the arctic fox, wherein the fox tends to follow the caribou while it is on the prowl. The caribou digs in the snow to get its food, which is in the form of lichen plants. Once it digs up the soil, the arctic fox comes and hunts some of the subnivean mammals that have come closer to the surface due to the digging action of the caribou.

Thus, the caribou remains unaffected, whereas the arctic fox benefits from its actions. The above examples are evidence of the extent to which some living organisms can evolve, or adapt in order to survive. Many more examples of commensalism are being discovered each year, as man delves deeper in the quest of solving the still-unsolved mysteries of nature.