Badger-Coyote Associations - Cooperative Hunting by Two Predators
A coyote and badger stalk prey together on the prairie surrounding the National It was familiar to many Native Americans long before Europeans reached the The two species have developed "a sort of open relationship,". Coyote/Badge Hunting Relationship: Mutualism. The Badgers hunt is a Coyote, or C. Latrans. This is an American Badger, or Taxidea Taxus. The relationship here between coyote and badger isn't symbiotic; but our I don't have ground squirrels or prairie dogs or American badgers.
Badgers and coyotes conserve energy by sharing the workload of trapping elusive and fast-moving prey.
Likewise, each animal takes advantage of the other's hunting adaptations. Coyotes have keener eyesight for spotting prey than badgers.
Do coyotes and badgers work together to find food?
On the other hand, badgers can sniff out prey underground. A frightened squirrel bursts forth from a burrowing hole to escape the badger's prying claws.
And little does that furry rodent know that a coyote is waiting for this very moment. It spies the squirrel scrambling away and pounces eagerly. But doesn't the badger get the short end of the stick? Badgers are slow and awkward runners by comparison, but they're better diggers than coyotes are, having evolved to pursue small animals in underground burrow systems. So when they hunt prairie dogs or ground squirrels on their own, badgers usually dig them up, while coyotes chase and pounce.
Coyote Badger Mutualism Project by Max Kirkman on Prezi
The rodents therefore use different strategies depending which predator is after them: They often escape a digging badger by leaving their burrows to flee aboveground, and evade coyotes by running to their burrows. When badgers and coyotes work together, however, they combine these skills to hunt more effectively than either could alone. Coyotes chase prey on the surface, while badgers take the baton for subterranean pursuits. Only one may end up with a meal, but overall, research suggests the collaboration benefits both hunters.
Coyotes and Badgers, Incorporated
Overall, prey vulnerability appeared to increase when both carnivores hunted in partnership. While the majority of their interactions "appear to be mutually beneficial or neutral," Ecology Online notes they do sometimes prey on each other.
For example, at two sites in Central Oregon, Badgers and Coyotes hunted separately, while at a site in Southeastern Oregon they were often observed hunting together Thompson ; Minta et al.
Coyotes sometimes eat Badgers and vice versa, but the majority of their interactions appear to be mutually beneficial or neutral Kiliaan et al. Because Badgers and Coyotes become shy and secretive when persecuted by humans, the best places to observe them hunting together are often in protected areas such as parks and refuges Minta et al. Great Basin Naturalist Journal of Mammalogy University of California, Berkeley Information about this Review This review is also available in the following languages: Haemig PhD in Animal Ecology.
The proper citation is: