# Cmos capacitance and resistance relationship

### Power MOSFET - Wikipedia

Review model parameters and their relationship to theory. MOSFET Layout Additional options for implementing capacitors in CMOS technology include. Calculate resister-capacitor (RC) time constant of a resister-capacitor cicuit by entering voltage, capacitance, and load resistance values. high voltage gain, the open-loop output resistance of CMOS op amps is maximized, Equation () implies that, compared to the case where Rout = 0, the.

Maximum drain current[ edit ] The drain current must generally stay below a certain specified value maximum continuous drain current.

It can reach higher values for very short durations of time maximum pulsed drain current, sometimes specified for various pulse durations. The drain current is limited by heating due to resistive losses in internal components such as bond wiresand other phenomena such as electromigration in the metal layer.

The packaging often limits the maximum junction temperature, due to the molding compound and where used epoxy characteristics. The maximum operating ambient temperature is determined by the power dissipation and thermal resistance. The type of power dissipation, whether continuous or pulsed, affects the maximum operating temperaturedue to thermal capacitance characteristics; in general, the lower the frequency of pulses for a given power dissipation, the higher maximum operating ambient temperature, due to allowing a longer interval for the device to cool down.

Models, such as a Foster networkcan be used to analyze temperature dynamics from power transients. Safe operating area[ edit ] The safe operating area defines the combined ranges of drain current and drain to source voltage the power MOSFET is able to handle without damage. It is represented graphically as an area in the plane defined by these two parameters. Both drain current and drain-to-source voltage must stay below their respective maximum values, but their product must also stay below the maximum power dissipation the device is able to handle.

Thus, the device cannot be operated at its maximum current and maximum voltage simultaneously. The BJT can be turned on due to a voltage drop across the p-type body region.

• Si Power Device

To avoid latchup, the body and the source are typically short circuited within the device package. Cellular structure[ edit ] As described above, the current handling capability of a power MOSFET is determined by its gate channel width. In the power MOSFETs we are here considering that handle large amounts of power, the parasitic capacitance must be regarded as a parameter that limits the usage frequency and switching speed.

### Practical Techniques to Avoid Instability Due to Capacitive Loading | Analog Devices

A PN junction is formed between the drain and source with substrate intervening, and a parasitic "body" diode is present. The gate-source capacitance Cgs and gate-drain capacitance Cgd in the diagram below are determined by the capacitance of the gate oxide film. The drain-source capacitance Cds is the junction capacitance of the parasitic diode. On data sheets which provide separate descriptions of static characteristics and dynamic characteristics, these are classified as dynamic characteristics.

These are important parameters affecting switching performance. Note high frequency ringing. OP output response with ohm series resistance. The output signal will be attenuated by the ratio of the series resistance to the total resistance.

## Switched capacitor

This will require a wider amplifier output swing to attain full-scale load voltage. Nonlinear or variable loads will affect the shape and amplitude of the output signal. Yes, with an R-C series circuit from output to ground, the snubber method is recommended for lower voltage applications, where the full output swing is needed Figure Depending on the capacitive load, application engineers usually adopt empirical methods to determine the correct values for Rs and Cs.

So, the procedure is to: These values can also be determined by trial and error while looking at the transient response with capacitive loading on an oscilloscope. The ideal values for Rs and Cs will yield minimum overshoot and undershoot.

Figure 12 shows the output response of the AD with a nF load in response to a mV signal at its positive input. In this case, Rs and Cs are 30 ohms and 5 nF, respectively.

AD output response with snubber network. I understand these examples about dealing with capacitive loading on the amplifier output. Now, is capacitance at the input terminals also of concern?

## Power MOSFET

Yes, capacitive loading at the inputs of an op amp can cause stability problems. The total capacitance at the input consists of the DAC output capacitance, the op amp input capacitance, and the stray wiring capacitance. Another popular application in which significant capacitance may appear at the inputs of the op amp is in filter design.

Some engineers may put a large capacitor across the inputs often in series with a resistor to prevent RF noise from propagating through the amplifier—overlooking the fact that this method can lead to severe ringing or even oscillation.

To better understand what is going on in a representative case, we analyze the circuit of Figure 14, unfolding the equivalent of its feedback circuit input, Vin, grounded to derive the feedback transfer function: Capacitive loading at the input—inverting configuration.

If fp is well below the open-loop unity-gain frequency, the system becomes unstable.

IC Design I - Transistor Sizing and Resistance Matching

To cure the instability induced by C1, a capacitor, Cf, can be connected in parallel with R2, providing a zero which can be matched with the pole, fp, to lower the rate of closure, and thus increase the phase margin.

Figure 15 shows the frequency response of the AD in the configuration of Figure Frequency response of Figure Can I predict what the phase margin would be, or how much peaking I should expect? You can determine the amount of uncompensated peaking using the following equation: The AD has a total input capacitance of approximately 7 pF. Assuming the parasitic capacitance is about 5 pF, the closed-loop gain will have a severe peaking of 5. How can I make sure the op amp circuit is stable if I want to use an RC filter directly at the input?

You can use a similar technique to that described above.