Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
Stanton and Anthony often led the way on controversial issues. to Susan B. Anthony he writes: I note what you say about "Marriage & Divorce" & have. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an abolitionist, human rights activist and one of the first leaders of the woman's rights movement. Stanton worked closely with Susan B. Anthony – she was reportedly the brains behind Marriage and Motherhood . URL. animesost.info cady-stanton. Although Anthony figures perhaps more prominently in popular memory, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was as an important force in the 19th-century women's.Andrew Stanton: The clues to a great story
Henry Stanton left town. When the organizers arrived at the Wesleyan Chapel on the morning of Wednesday, July 19th, they found the door locked. As the church filled with spectators, another dilemma presented itself. After a hasty council at the altar, the leadership decided to let the men stay, since they were already seated and seemed genuinely interested.
Tall and dignified in his Quaker garb, James Mott called the first session to order at Cady Stanton, in what was her first public speech, rose to state the purpose of the convention.
The Declaration was re-read several times, amended, and adopted unanimously. Later that evening, Mott spoke to a broader audience on "The Progress of Reforms. As Mott feared, the most contentious proved to be the ninth—the suffrage resolution. The other 10 passed unanimously.
She, however, remained adamant. The right is ours. We must have it.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815—1902)
Short speeches by young Mary Ann McClintock and Frederick Douglass followed the reading of a poem by Cady Stanton, which was in reply to a pastoral letter signed by the "Lords of Creation. In all, some people attended the Seneca Falls Convention. The majority were ordinary folk like Charlotte Woodward. Most had sat through 18 hours of speeches, debates, and readings. One hundred of them— 68 women including Woodward and 32 men—signed the final draft of the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions.
Press coverage was surprisingly broad and generally venomous, particularly on the subject of female suffrage. A wife is everything. The ladies of Philadelphia. Greeley found the demand for equal political rights improper, yet "however unwise and mistaken the demand, it is but the assertion of a natural right and as such must be conceded.
There is nothing I dread more than Mr. New England abolitionist Lucy Stone organized the first national convention, held in Worcester, Massachusetts, in Like Cady Stanton, Stone saw the connection between black emancipation and female emancipation. She had heard about the Seneca Falls Convention, of course; her parents and sister had attended the Rochester meeting. Initially, however, she deemed its goals of secondary importance to temperance and anti-slavery.
All that changed in when she met Cady Stanton, with whom she formed a life-long political partnership. As Cady Stanton later put it, "I forged the thunderbolts and she fired them. After the war, feminist leaders split over the exclusion of women from legislation enfranchising black men. Their protest alienated the more cautious wing of the movement and produced two competing suffrage organizations. Lucretia Mott, now an elderly widow, sought in vain to reconcile the two camps.
Both organizations sought political equality for women, but the more radical NWSA actively promoted issues beyond suffrage. Anthony countenanced—and occasionally practiced—civil disobedience; in she was arrested for illegally casting a ballot in the presidential election. Many states had enacted laws granting married women property rights, equal guardianship over children, and the legal standing to make contracts and bring suit.
Nearly one-third of college students were female, and 19 states allowed women to vote in local school board elections. In two western territories—Wyoming and Utah—women voted on an equal basis with men. Born into a world of wealth and privilege, Elizabeth benefited from a better education than most girls were granted in her day.
She felt it unjust that she was barred from attending the more academically rigorous Union College, then an all-male institution. While she gained greater understanding of women and feminine culture at Troy, overall her experience there convinced her that male-female co-education is superior to single-sex education. Seeing and visiting with men was such a novelty at Troy that it created an almost unnatural obsession with the other sex.
Elizabeth did not complete a degree at Troy. Yet his preaching left Elizabeth terrified and perplexed. She considered his calls to give her heart to Jesus irrational, if not incomprehensible, and she refused to repent. Even so, she was still disturbed by the images of hell and damnation Finney had planted in her mind.
They treated her to a retreat in Niagara where all talk of religion was forbidden, so that she could settle herself and regain her spiritual bearings. After this exposure to Protestant revivalism, Elizabeth remained a religious skeptic for the rest of her life.
- Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth continued to study on her own after her time at Troy Seminary. She also spent time with her intellectual and reform-minded cousins in nearby Peterboro, New York. In the Smith household, Elizabeth was exposed to a number of new people as well as to new social and political ideas.
Her aunt and uncle were egalitarians not only in the ideal, but in the everyday, sense. Their home was open to African Americans on their way to freedom in Canada as well as to Oneida Indians they had befriended. It also teemed with activists and intellectuals who discussed, debated and strategized about the social and political events of the day—chief among them abolition. Her uncle, Peter Smith, was a staunch advocate of racial equality who sought an end to American slavery.
Gerrit and his friends in the abolition movement would not only influence Elizabeth, but introduce lifelong challenges as she and other social reformers sought to bring full equality to all people, regardless of color, creed, or gender. He was already an extremely prominent and influential abolitionist orator.
Beginning his career as a journalist, Stanton met Theodore Weld while attending the Rochester Manual Labor Institute and Weld was touring the country to learn more about manual labor schools.
Both were compelling public speakers. Both were committed to social and political reform. And both had been influenced by Charles Finney. In Rochester, Stanton first met Finney when he was serving as replacement pastor at a local church.
Like Weld—and in stark contrast to his future wife—Stanton was thoroughly impressed by Finney as an orator and theological thinker. He was simply full of awe and admiration for the man. Lane was based on the manual labor model and initially was a great success. Henceforth, no events related to political issues were to be held without prior approval from the board. Nearly half the students at the seminary—Stanton and Weld among them—withdrew from the institution in protest. Stanton then began working alongside Weld, first as an agent of the American Anti-Slavery Society, then as an officer of the organization.
Studying law under Daniel Cady after he and Elizabeth married, Henry then became a lawyer and a political operative. He aspired to hold office himself, and succeeded in doing so for a short time in the early s. In the s, Stanton was a frequent visitor to the Smith household and a chief contributor to their many discussions about social and political issues.
When Elizabeth and Stanton met inshe was under the illusion that he was already married. So her earliest interactions with him were as simply an acquaintance who shared his interest in abolition, not as a potential love interest. After succumbing to family pressure and breaking her engagement to Stanton, Elizabeth had a change of heart, and the two married hastily in May They then went to London, where Henry was due to serve as a delegate at the World Antislavery Convention.
Significantly, Henry gave a speech in favor of full participation by the women present, but his support stopped there.
His passion was for abolition. The suffragists and feminists argued that women needed more social and political freedom than they currently had. Certainly American slavery was cruel and unjust, but the system of oppression that permitted it was the same system that allowed men to rule over women with arbitrary and capricious authority. A woman who was married to a kind and egalitarian man was simply lucky.
Susan B. Anthony
The legal system still maintained the power of all men over their wives, no matter how cruel and unkind they may be. The minister performing the ceremony was troubled by this detour from convention, and Elizabeth was convinced that the lengthy prayer he offered after the ceremony—lasting nearly an hour—was payback for this crucial omission from their marriage vows.
There is no evidence that the matter troubled her husband. Even so, others in their reform-minded circles went further to advance equality in marriage. Theodore Weld, who wed the feminist and abolitionist Angelina Grimke invowed to treat his wife as an equal partner in their marriage. Marrying inHenry Blackwell went much further, denouncing marriage as an institution that enforced male dominance over women. Other male reformers supported or worked alongside their wives in the suffrage struggle.
Daniel Cady repeatedly lamented the fact that Elizabeth was female because he believed her intellect and forceful personality would go to waste in a woman. Women in the world they lived in were meant to attend to the hearth and home, not to go out into the world to become intellectuals or, worse still, rabble-rousing activists.
At the same time, her father was not completely unmoved by seeing Elizabeth act on her convictions. When Elizabeth responded by reminding him of all the laws that privileged men and harmed women, her father turned to his law books to provide her with another example that would help further illustrate her point.
While never more than outwardly lukewarm to her feminist efforts, Daniel Cady often provided support in this way—giving her legal ammunition to use in her writings and speeches. Elizabeth was accustomed to receiving only the dimmest signs of approval from her father. So as an adult, she neither expected nor needed the motivation of resounding applause for her suffrage work from Henry Stanton.
Susan B. Anthony - HISTORY
During this period, Henry studied law under Daniel Cady, before taking up a position in Boston in She also visited the utopian Brook Farm community, admiring its idealism, though not the spartan way of life of its inhabitants.
Elizabeth loved Boston, and the art, culture, and intellectual life it had to offer. The loss of all this made the adjustment to rural life difficult for her when, inthe couple moved to Seneca Falls in upstate New York. Powell and Parker Pillsburyboth antislavery agents and editors; Theodore Tiltona New York editor and popular lecturer; Aaron A. Sargentcongressman and later senator from California; and Frederick Douglassfugitive from slavery, newspaper editor, and reformer.
Who were other leaders of the women's rights movement? By their example, leading abolitionists like Abby Kelley Foster, Sarah Grimke, Angelina Grimke Weld, and Sarah Pugh showed women how to claim their rights, and they influenced the movement over the course of their lives.
Stanton traced her awareness of the cause to her acquaintance with Lucretia Mottanother abolitionist, with whom she organized the Seneca Falls Woman's Rights Convention in Rose set the example of lobbying to change state laws about married women's property. Lucy Stone was another pioneer and a long-time leader, who organized a rival to Stanton and Anthony's National Woman Suffrage Association in Through her American Woman Suffrage Association and her newspaper, the Woman's Journal, Stone, and her husband, Henry Blackwelland later their daughter, achieved national leadership until women won the vote in Matilda Joslyn Gage came into the movement in the s and held positions of leadership until her death.
Thousands of women in all the states ensured that the agitation for equal rights continued in the second half of the 19th century. Historians have just begun to rediscover who these local leaders were. Woman suffragists during the lifetimes of Stanton and Anthony referred to their proposed amendment to the U.
Constitution as the 16th amendment. Modeled in its language on the 15th Amendment ofand similar in its purpose of adding new voters, the woman suffrage amendment seemed a next logical step and the next in sequence. But a constitutional amendment cannot be numbered until it's been ratified. After the Constitution survived many decades without any new amendments, Congress and the state legislatures took up three amendments between and Still disfranchised, woman suffragists had no choice but to change their label for the amendment they proposed.
Their 19th Amendment was ratified in