Agamemnon and orestes relationship

The Odyssey Fathers and Sons

agamemnon and orestes relationship

Orestes was the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra in Greek mythology, who was hunted by the Erinyes after he killed his mother. The story of Orestes. At the urging of his sister, Electra, and the god Apollo, Orestes kills his mom, Clytemnestra, as payback for her murder of Agamemnon, Orestes' dad. Orestes'. In Greek mythology, Orestes was the prince who avenged the murder of his father , King Agamemnon of Mycenae, by killing his own mother, Clytemnestra.

Agamemnon, having realized Achilles's importance in winning the war against the Trojan Army, sent ambassadors begging for Achilles to return, offering him riches and the hand of his daughter in marriage, but Achilles refused, only being spurred back into action when his closest friend, Patroclus, was killed in battle.

agamemnon and orestes relationship

Although not the equal of Achilles in bravery, Agamemnon was a representative of "kingly authority". As commander-in-chief, he summoned the princes to the council and led the army in battle. His chief fault was his overwhelming haughtiness; an over-exalted opinion of his position that led him to insult Chryses and Achilles, thereby bringing great disaster upon the Greeks. ClytemnestraAgamemnon's wife, had taken Aegisthusson of Thyestesas a lover. When Agamemnon came home he was slain by either Aegisthus in the oldest versions of the story [8] or Clytemnestra.

According to the accounts given by Pindar and the tragedians, Agamemnon was slain in a bath by his wife alone, a blanket of cloth or a net having first been thrown over him to prevent resistance.

Orestes - Wikipedia

Her jealousy of Cassandra, and her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia and at Agamemnon's having gone to war over Helen of Troy, are said to have been the motives for her crime.

Agamemnon's son Orestes later avenged his father's murder, with the help or encouragement of his sister Electraby murdering Aegisthus and Clytemnestra his own motherthereby inciting the wrath of the Erinyes English: Other stories[ edit ] Athenaeus tells a tale of how Agamemnon mourned the loss of his friend or lover Argynnuswhen he drowned in the Cephisus river. In the legends of the PeloponnesusAgamemnon was regarded as the highest type of a powerful monarch, and in Sparta he was worshipped under the title of Zeus Agamemnon.

His tomb was pointed out among the ruins of Mycenae and at Amyclae.

Another account makes him the son of Pleisthenes the son or father of Atreuswho is said to have been Aerope's first husband. In works of art, there is considerable resemblance between the representations of Zeusking of the gods, and Agamemnon, king of men.

He is generally depicted with a sceptre and diademconventional attributes of kings.

Agamemnon's mare was named Aetha. The Erinyes are propitiated by a new ritual, in which they are worshipped as "Semnai Theai", "Venerable Ones", and Orestes dedicates an altar to Athena Areia. Orestes play As Aeschylus tells it, the punishment ended there, but according to Euripides, in order to escape the persecutions of the Erinyes, Orestes was ordered by Apollo to go to Tauriscarry off the statue of Artemis which had fallen from heaven, and to bring it to Athens.

He went to Tauris with Pyladesand the pair were at once imprisoned by the people, among whom the custom was to sacrifice all Greek strangers to Artemis. The priestess of Artemis, whose duty it was to perform the sacrifice, was Orestes' sister Iphigenia. She offered to release him if he would carry home a letter from her to Greece; he refused to go, but bids Pylades to take the letter while he stays to be slain.

After a conflict of mutual affection, Pylades at last yielded, but the letter brought about the recognition of brother and sister, and all three escaped together, carrying with them the image of Artemis. Other literature and media[ edit ] After his return to Greece, Orestes took possession of his father's kingdom of Mycenae killing Aegisthus' son, Alete to which were added Argos and Laconia. He was said to have died of a snakebite in Arcadia.

agamemnon and orestes relationship

His body was conveyed to Sparta for burial where he was the object of a cult or, according to a Roman legend, to Aricia, when it was removed to Rome Servius on Aeneidii. Things soon changed after Orestes committed matricide: Menelaus then gave his daughter to Neoptolemusson of Achilles and Deidamia. According to Euripides' play Andromache, Orestes slew Neoptolemus just outside a temple and took off with Hermione.

He seized Argos and Arcadia after their thrones had become vacant, becoming ruler of all the Peloponnesus. His son by Hermione, Tisamenusbecame ruler after him but was eventually killed by the Heracleidae. She may have been driven to infidelity by a desire for revenge. When Agamemnon returned to Mycenae at the end of the war, he was murdered by his wife and her lover.

Orestes | Greek mythology |

Aegisthus seized the throne. Electra feared that her young brother Orestes, the true heir to the throne, might be in danger, and she took him to stay with their father's old friend King Strophius of Phocis. Strophius raised Orestes with his own son Pylades, and the two boys became close friends.

The oracle replied that Orestes must kill his mother and her lover. So Orestes and his friend Pylades went to Mycenae disguised as messengers, and they met secretly with Electra to plan the murders. Then with the help of Electra and Pylades, Orestes killed Aegisthus and Clytemnestra, despite her pleas that a son should not kill his own mother. There are various versions of what happened next.