The father-son relationship is very important for the Aeneid, more than any other family relation, and probably more than any other human relation. The story. The Aeneid tells the story of the origin of Rome through the deeds of a Trojan, When he first arrived in Italy he had sought support from King Evander in The relationship between father and son was of great importance in the Roman world. tell Ascanius the news and return with him,' (Virgil, The Aeneid, Bk I: l). Finally, Aeneas and the Sibyl come to the Blessed Groves, where the good wander about in peace and comfort. At last, Aeneas sees his father. Anchises greets.
Aeneas and Venus We first see a type of parent-child relationship displayed in the first book of the epic. Determined to keep her son safe, Venus advises Aeneas as he makes his long journey to fulfill his fatum, or fate, and keeps him from straying too far from his chosen path. Venus asks Jupiter to spare the Trojans so that her dear son can live and fulfill his destiny of finding Rome.
Venus ensures that Aeneas makes it to Carthage safely, where he meets the beautiful Queen Dido.
Virgil draws attention to how good a father Aeneas is to Ascanius by describing him as "father Aeneas" and "fond father, as always thoughtful of his son. Aeneas' role as a dutiful father is expanded in book three to include paternal responsibility not only for Ascanius and the Trojans in his immediate care, but for the entire Roman race to come.
Helenus tells Aeneas "let your progeny Hold to religious purity thereby. Andromache made a similar statement, who, concerned for Ascanius's health, asks Aeneas if he is fostering "old-time valor and manliness" in his son.
Aeneas in his conduct toward Ascanius was certainly a model parent; he loved him, cherished him, and protected him, and he unselfishly gave up his own plans and desires in order that Ascanius might fulfill his destiny during the big fight scene at the end of the epic. Aeneas and Anchises Another glimpse at the parent-child relationships in The Aenied we see with Aeneas and his father, Anchises.
The Romans viewed their relationships with their fathers as utmost important.
Even when he has just arrived he is faced with a war for the land which he knows has been appointed to him and it is his destiny to settle on. He fights Turnus, a Rutulian, who resents foreigners coming into Italy and has particular grievance against Aeneas because he is destined to marry Lavinia, who Turnus was going to marry. Having won the war Aeneas does agree though to leave the kingship and customs of the king of the Latins, Latinus, alone in respect for their gods and culture.
Aeneas also shows piety through his dedication to giving his companions proper burial rites. This was very important in the Roman world because it meant that the person's soul could progress into the underworld.
In the book he holds elaborate funeral ceremonies for his father and Pallas, the latter being the more outstanding because Aeneas actually collects living sacrifice victims from among the prisoners they have taken from the Rutulians.
Parent-Child Relationships in The Aeneid - The Aeneid
Aeneas And Revenge Another quality which was central to the Roman way of life was revenge. Augustus himself cited revenge as the reason for his raising army at the beginning of the triumvirate.
He claimed that he had to avenge the death of his father, Julius Caesar, by going after Mark Antony and killing him and the other conspirators involved in the murder. The Romans, in particular Augustus, claimed that all their wars were carried out for revenge and there were numerous temples to Mars Ultor, or Mars the Avenger, in the City.
Aeneas displays this all important quality in Book Twelve. When he first arrived in Italy he had sought support from King Evander in Pallantium, and the King had sent his own son, Pallas into the battle for Aeneas. In Book Ten Pallas was cruelly slaughtered by Turnus and it is for this act that Aeneas seeks revenge. Right at the end of the Aeneid, Aeneas sees that Turnus is still wearing the sword belt of Pallas on his shoulder and flies into a rage.
So despite the fact that Turnus surrenders and begs Aeneas to spare his life, Aeneas kills him harshly and mercilessly saying: In spite of this Aeneas principally hates war. This was one of Augustus' main claims during his rule: Aeneas does not want war when he lands in Italy.
This is demonstrated in Book Ten as he is about to kill Lausus and he says to him: You're too rash, fighting out of your class;' Virgil, The Aeneid.
Aeneas And His Father The relationship between father and son was of great importance in the Roman world. The head of the family, or the paterfamilias, had a duty to his son but the son also had to be loyal to his father. Aeneas displays both of these duties. As a son he is dedicated to his father Anchaises in carrying him from the ruins of Troy since he was unable to walk himself.
While he is alive Aeneas shares the rule of the Trojans with his father and is guided by him in all matters.Dido and Aeneas Plot Explained in 60 Seconds
It is Anchaises who urges Aeneas to leave Troy and it is his ghost who chides Aeneas in a dream for staying to long with Dido when his destiny awaits him. When Anchaises dies Aeneas buries his father and builds him a burial mound to commemorate his death. When, one year after his death, the Trojan ships reach the place where Anchaises was buried Aeneas holds the Trojan Games in his father's honour and performs a sacrifice for Anchaises.
Anchises - Wikipedia
In the middle of the book Aeneas is told he has to go down into the underworld and it is only really his love for his father and his desire to see him again that gives him the courage to make the terrible journey.
Aeneas As A Father Aeneas is frequently referred to as father, or 'pater' in the Latin, usually in context of the care he takes of his men. He is constantly concerned for their welfare above his own. An example of this is when he confronts Turnus in Book Twelve and demands that they fight each other alone, for the quarrel is between them and should not involve the lives of their men. He is also called father as he is the father of the Roman race. In founding Italy Aeneas is responsible for his son's future and all the sons that shall come from him and it is this that drives him once he has seen all the unborn heroes of Rome during his visit to the underworld.
Aeneas' shield bearing the deeds of Augustus at Actium reminds us that this is one of his descendants and that this is what Aeneas is going to Italy to start. We also see this in Book One when Jupiter recounts to Venus the future of the Roman race and how great they will become through the dynasty of Aeneas.
Aeneas has great respect for the bond between father and son and Turnus plays on this when in Book Twelve he begs for his life to be spared, not for his own sake, but for the sake of his father Daunus: Aeneas is a father himself as he has a son Ascanius who he loves dearly.